Government Polies, Plans and Strategies for Generating Employment

Lawanson, O.I (2005)

Staff Publications

Article

Nigeria's unemployment problem is. a post-independence phenomenon. According to the, 1952/53 "Census, the country experienced over-employment rather than unemployment during .the early 1.950s.' This does not imply that .all the people who.were willing to work were' employed: it only means that .the-unemployed 'were few and mainly structurally unemployed.-:They were. either only temporarily out of employment or in the process of changing jobs. It also implies that the total number of people gainfully employed at the time exceeded the size of the potential labour force. Such a phenomenon can be explained in terms of the " prevalence of child labour - persons aged less than 15 years being gainfully employed (Ojo, 1997). Since the attainment of independence in 1960, the unemployment rate has been on the upward trend and in fact, the rate attained in the 1990s are almost unprecedented in the history of a country that is supposed to be undergoing a development process.