Browsing Faculty of Environmental Sciences by Author "Adejumo, O. T."
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- ItemOpen AccessAs in Sculpture so in Architecture:(Department of Architecture, 2015-07-01) Adejumo, O. T.Western picturesque discourse oscillated from classical notion of “as in painting, so in poetry” to the romantic concepts of “as in poetry, so in painting” and then to “as in painting, so in architecture”. This paper explores Yoruba sculpture art philosophy to theorize design principles that may be used in contemporary sense of place conscious urban green infrastructure hubs resilient to cultural dynamism. Unlike Western aesthetic philosophy Yoruba, indeed African, aesthetic ideology did not reside in the form of art works but in “behaviour in beauty Synthesis”. Preference is given to inner beauty which is the real essence of art works. It is a general consensus that art works have in built life force (ase) that drives the religious and corresponding socio-political activities. Since ‘ase’ is defined as life force, it is the same as ‘prana’, ‘chi’, ‘aura’ or ‘subtle earth energy’. ‘Ase’ is therefore the fundamental Yoruba aesthetical tool that artists used to trigger emotional response from the viewers. Public spaces design proposition focus on making available ‘ase’ on the landscape for the wellbeing of the people. The landscape is therefore liable to manipulation during design process to achieve desired harmony through the appropriate placement of ‘shape powers’ including Yoruba cosmogram, iconographic motifs, symbols, signs, chosen form and cultural colour scheme to harness desired earth energies. ‘Ase’ centred Yoruba environmental design proposition, like other forms of landscape, is a cultural construct reflecting underpinning ideologies in local place development that should enhance attachment.
- ItemOpen AccessDevelopmental Strategy For Sustainable Public Open Space System In Metropolitan Lagos(OAU Press, 2002-09-01) Adejumo, O. T.Livability in cities is enhanced by the availability of basic social amenities including planned recreational open spaces. Public open spaces system is a major yardstick used in measuring environmental success of cities. At the 2001 United Nation’s estimated population of 12,100,000 people in metropolitan Lagos, the ratio of planned open spaces to the population is 81,000 people per hectare. In comparison, the international average is 600 people per hectare. Past Lagos State Governments failed to recognize the role of parks in enhancing the quality of urban life. The government’s indifference and the informal role of various communities in meeting the recreational needs of the people, especially the youths, call for a local agenda. This paper explores the application of developmental strategy that could lead to sustainable public park system in metropolitan Lagos.
- ItemOpen AccessEleko Rural Beach Initiative: Maximizing Economic Benefit Of Domestic Tourism Destination In Littoral Lagos Community(Department of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Lagos, 2010-03-01) Adejumo, O. T.The catalytic effect of tourists spending across the economy entrenched leisure industry in the current globalization paradigm. Tourism has become an appealing sustainable economic development for third world nations in dire need of alternative source of foreign exchange earning and poverty eradication program. This is true of sustainable community base tourism that marries the needs for economic development and quality of life with the protection of natural resources. Eleko community rural beach in Ibeju-Lekki Local Government of Lagos State is a typical example. Through community participatory initiative, this 600 coastal village embarked on domestic tourism development as an alternative to dwindling fortunes from predominantly artisanal fishing industry. This paper examined the economic impact of this simple rural beach tourism initiative. The finding showed that the benefit accrued to the people is from ownership of small scale tourism enterprises and wages from employment. Increasing this benefit requires an efficient management that will explore the development of unique tourism product marketable in metropolitan Lagos. Such product must have a strong linkage to the primary farming and fishing occupation.
- ItemOpen AccessEntrenching Urban Parks in Green Infrastructure: A Study of Surulere Township in Metropolitan Lagos(Faculty of Environmental Sciences, University of Lagos, 2015-05-01) Adejumo, O. T.The poor quality of Nigerian urban environment has been attributed partly to the inadequate, misuse and mismanagement of green infrastructure. It exerted major strain on the physical outlook of the cityscapes and a negative effect on the productivity of the residents. The paper examines practical strategies to increase park area on demographic basis in Surulere Local Government Area. The study is underpinned by green infrastructure principles. The paper recognised the importance of previous desktop studies in the metropolis and Surulere Local Government area especially demographic survey on community development area basis. Semi structured interviews of purposively chosen community leaders and questionnaires were used to comprehend urban parks needs of Surulere people. The study revealed that 327 hectares of planned open spaces currently exist in Surulere. 50% of the existing planned open spaces are privately owned while 45% and 5% are institutional and public spaces respectively. Further revelation shows that 1043 hectares of public park area is required to meet recreational demand of 1,184,000 people. Acquiring land to meet this deficit explored bioremediation of polluted wetlands and illegal refuse dumps. Besides absorbing the 1043 hectares deficit the suggested reclamation will provide much needed opportunity to turn these brown fields to green area in this season of climate change negative impacts. In the absence of city government and failure of Local Government in discharging the constitutional right of urban park provision, the paper recommended the need for constitutional review that will empower State Government to develop parks as green infrastructure hubs.
- ItemOpen AccessInformal Economic Sector and Sport Tourism: A Case Study of 2009 FIFA World Cup, Ijebu Ode Sub Seat(Faculty of Environmental Sciences, University of Lagos, 2010-09-01) Orelaja, O. P.; Adejumo, O. T.Sport tourism is a social, economic and cultural developmental phenomenon arising from the unique interaction of sporting activities, people and place. The synergy between sports and tourism facilitates local economy by stimulating goods and services small scale enterprises on an informal scale. Such grassroot leisure industry is underpinned by the concept of ‘pro poor tourism’. Pro Poor Tourism (PPT) is not another form of tourism but an approach that seeks to utilize tourism as strategic tool to alleviate poverty among the marginalized members of the communities. The aim of this study is to examine the effect of competitive sports tourism industry on informal economic sector activities using the recently concluded 2009 Federation of International Football Association (FIFA) U-17 World Cup tagged “Nigeria 2009” at Ijebu-Ode sub seat as a case study. Questionnaires and observation were the instruments used to obtain the data from informal economic sector operators within 1km radius stipulated by FIFA. Structured interview of stakeholders and opinion leaders were conducted. Five informal sector activities including the food and beverages; art and entertainment; memorabilia; transport; and affordable accommodation were identified. Financial gain increased remarkably for all the identified sectors during the event especially intra city transportation operators and food and beverages services. But over 90% of the souvenirs were from Lagos and Abeokuta. Study also revealed that there was increase in total workforce in various informal businesses during the event. Despite the level of preparation, community participation involving Chamber of Commerce, the various artisan groups and service provider cooperatives were not carried along. The extent to which the potential benefits of sports tourism accrue to local communities depends on the economic and social culture of the community. The hosting of the 2009 Federation of International Football Association (FIFA) U-17 World Cup tagged “Nigeria 2009” is undeniably a definitive moment for sports tourism in Nigeria. This paper observed that if the gap between Local Organizing Committee and local stakeholders is closed, then benefits accrued to the local economy will increase. The paper recommends the need for a concerted effort between sport ministry and government tourism agencies to draw-up policies that will accommodate vibrant informal sector as a tool for poverty alleviation
- ItemOpen AccessLocal in Global: Landscape Paradigm for Strategic Design and Planning in Africa(Department of Architecture, University of Lagos, 2019-03-01) Adejumo, O. T.Sustainability as a developmental paradigm crept into global consciousness in 1987. This was followed by series of world meetings, conventions and protocols starting from 1992 Earth Summit to 2015 Sustainable Development Goals. The consensus is that the 1992 and 2002 tenets that drove sustainability philosophy were not sufficient to mitigate global environmental degradation hence the need for low carbon living. Much more is populism trending on global scale. How to design in harmony with the biosphere is the issue at hand. What design philosophy will transform local space to productive place at all scales? This paper examines landscape as the much-needed local sustainability paradigm in African context. It is underpinned by landscape and re-interpreted cosmopolitan localism theories. Cosmopolitan localism is seen on landscape scale as a geo specific thinking framework for a people living in harmony with nature. Such framework benefits from the wisdom that local people have used to inhabit their landscapes without diminishing inherent natural and cultural assets. Landscape is then seen as archaeological piece done in layers and used by different people for different purposes at different time in history. Derived landscape philosophy then constitutes developmental framework. Therefore, each landscape should be re-interpreted to enhance ecological restoration; improved bioregional land productivity, isolate socio-cultural essences ideal for public realm branding; and much more to evolve a new urban agenda resilient to erratic climatic phenomenon, dramatic culture change and negative forces of art and architectural internationalization stifling global south cities.
- ItemOpen AccessNigerian Landscape Charter: Conceptual Framework Discourse(International Federation of Landscape Architects, 2013-09-01) Adejumo, O. T.Sustainability as a developmental paradigm to checkmate uncontrolled use of earth finite resources crept into global consciousness in the last quarter of twentieth century. It is now apparent that the 1992 wave of sustainability philosophy was insufficient to mitigate the global and local degradation of natural capital hence the need for a fresh wave of sustainability dictum that will catalytically empower the ineffective previous waves to overcome difficult developmental hurdles and infuse new values especially quality of life, bio-centric perceptions and local thinking on global scale. It fits in to landscape philosophical clarification that respects indigenous, regional and national aspirations ways of thinking in developmental process. This paper explores a framework to actualise Nigerian landscape charter. An apparent expectation of national landscape charter is a friendly challenge of the current developmental statuesque that dismembered congruous landscapes into cultural, natural and historic unities under the management of numerous agencies and ministries without a harmonized agenda. The paper argues in favour of desktop study of the current policy objectives at federal level to fully comprehend in built participatory framework. The second step is primary data collection through series of workshops to understand geosophic perspectives of diverse cultural systems relative to contextual bioregion. The Paper submitted that comparative analysis and synthesis of current environmental statuesque and fresh findings from geopolitical workshops will evolve a unified national landscape philosophy. Included are desired urbanism; driving ideology for agriculture, protected area, mining, integrated coastal area management; and envisioned rural Nigeria dictum that cut across all bioregions. This will lead to national policy objectives for various areas of the landscape
- ItemOpen AccessState Parks: Potential for Domestic Ecotourism Industry(Lagos State Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperation, 2001-06-01) Adejumo, O. T.On global scale tourism is the leading export earner. The World Tourism Organization statistics revealed that international arrival for the year 2000 was 653 million people. This excludes arrival for domestic tourism, which was projected to be ten times more than international tourists (Brackenhury 2000). The reality of economic benefits from tourism prompted the creation of Federal Ministry of Culture and Tourism with an emphasis on domestic ecotourism. The goal was to stimulate local interest in tourism at the preserved ecological zones as expressed in section seven of the nation’s cultural policy. While section 7.13 of the policy emphasized the role of government in promoting and encouraging domestic tourism, section 7.20 implored the States to establish parks, game reserves and beaches for recreation. State parks are created to preserve areas of ecological, historical and scenic values. They occupy a pivotal position between National Parks and Local Government Parks in a typical three tier governmental system. In state parks conservation and recreation are compatible land uses. The aim of sustainable state park system is planning and managing ecological resources at the grass root for the educational, economic, recreational and environmental benefits of the people without jeopardizing the same benefits for future generations. This permits conservation – recreation symbiotic concept. It is a concept that explores the principle of ecosystem management, resource preservation and friendly tourism services. The preserved area has minimum human impact and is exclusive for public management. At the buffer zone series of park support services are planned for private participation while the park front country made up of interpretation center and transportation system is opened to public-private partnership
- ItemOpen AccessStreet Side Space Resources and Urban Aesthetics in Metropolitan Lagos(Department of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Lagos, 2006-03-01) Adejumo, O. T.Streets provide vantage positions to experience the city and evaluate the quality of its physical form. The attraction and level of comfort achieved in the city is reflected by the wise concept with which its streets are platted. A city can influence its aesthetic quality by the degree to which the street side space resources especially trees, light fixtures, furniture and communication media are ordered. This paper examined the composition of street side resources in metropolitan Lagos. The study revealed that the foundation of the prevailing aesthetic shortcoming in Lagos is rooted in the non-conformity of the streets to designed standards. It is observed that Lagos streets are framed by filthy open drainage channels. This concept did not accommodate the role of street side spaces in enhancing the beauty of human settlements. Since city aesthetics reflect the cultural and social values of its inhabitants, there is a need to repackage Lagos street system to enhance sustainable aesthetic. Such repackaging demands a futuristic street design that focuses on environmental beauty. The study recommends an interrelated six-step solution including futuristic street philosophy that accommodates opinion of key stakeholders in street enterprise.
- ItemOpen AccessSustainable Beach Tourism: Formalisation Of Local Agenda For Eleko Community Coastal Resources. in Globalization, Culture and the Nigeria Built Environment(2005-05-01) Adejumo, O. T.Integrated coastal zones management (ICZM) is identified as the most feasible developmental tool to stop the degradation of marine ecosystem. ICZM strengths the management of marine landscapes, preserves aquatic capital, promotes rural development and sustainable utilization of marine resources. Tourism, especially sustainable ecotourism, is one of the clean environmental land uses committed to economic empowerment of coastal communities in line with the current globalization paradigm. Tourism is an appealing sustainable economic development strategy for third world nations in dire need of alternative source of foreign exchange earning and poverty eradication program. The benefits of sustainable tourism emanates from the power of collective decision making in problems identification, needs assessment and solution profferment. Eleko community in Lagos state evolve a home grown participatory beach tourism as an alternative to the dwindling fortunes from artisan fishing industry. This paper examined the domestic beach tourism initiative and formalized the local agenda using an eight step participatory process. The result showed that Eleko beach project was intuitively developed in response to internal economic needs and external social influences. The formalized local tourism agenda identified three projects that can sustain the local economy including short term non consumptive recreational beach tourism, an aquatic resource-based restaurants product and development of eco friendly accommodation.
- ItemOpen AccessUrban Agriculture in Metropolitan Lagos: An Inventory of Potential Land and Water Resources(Academic Journals, 2011-01-15) Akinmoladun, O. I.; Adejumo, O. T.The research examines how urban agriculture as an individual household micro level strategy can directly influence the financial empowerment of urban poor within the Lagos metropolis, positively. Using secondary data collected from government agencies (satellite image, hydrology map, statistical data etc) and primary data collected from field observation and reconnaissance survey; the paper takes inventory of potential land and water resources that can contribute to urban agriculture within Lagos metropolis The research finds out that Lagos metropolis requires 18 times its present size (3,577 km2) to be able to feed her people on sustainable basis. It identifies 4,293 and 28,890 ha of potential land and water resources under the jurisdiction of Federal, State and private ownership, respectively. The paper recommends urban agriculture land use policies that will avoid clash between the interests of farmers and long term government land use goals. It concludes that such well articulated goals need to bear in mind the environmental impact of urban agriculture on the cityscape as well as its management on a sustainable basis such as the choice of crops and ideal number of farmers needed for land and water resources in the State.