Religiosity and self efficacy in complete denture wearer.
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AKINBOBOYE B O
Objective: Religiosity has been reported to contribute to psychological well-being. Psychological well-being has a significant influence on satisfaction of complete denture treatment among other factors. Satisfaction of complete denture results in improved self-efficacy. It is expected that there should be a significant association between religiosity and self-efficacy of denture treatment in complete denture wearer. The objective is to determine the association between religiosity and self-efficacy among complete denture wearer. Methods: Participants wearing complete denture for a minimum period of 2 years were administered standardized psychological instrument (19 items) used to test for religiosity and 12 items for self-efficacy. A Likert scale of maximum score of 4 was used for each item. Data was gathered and analysed using IBM SPSS version 21. Categorical variables were presented as frequencies and percentages. Spearman Correlation test was performed. Results: Thirty participants were recruited but only 28 conformed to study protocol. Mean age was 62 ± 0.50 years, 18 (64.3%) participants were males while 10 (35.7%) were females. Religious affiliations of participants were either Christian (21; 75%) or Islamic religion (7; 25%). Median score of spirituality was 43.5 and denture self-efficacy was 30. Spearman rank correlation test to determine the relationship between spirituality and denture self -efficacy values showed a weak positive monotonic relationship (rs = 0.13, n = 28, p=0.40). Conclusion: There is a weak positive association between religiosity and denture self-efficacy, which is not significant. Religiosity does not necessarily determine self - efficacy in denture wearers.