Browsing Faculty of Law by Author "BELLO, AKEEM"
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- ItemOpen Access(1997) “A Comparative Analysis of the African and European Systems for the Protection of Human Rights(Faculty of Law, Ogun State University, 1997) BELLO, AKEEMThe paper undertook a comparative analysis of the scope of human rights and enforcement mechanisms under the African and European Systems for the protection of human rights. The paper revealed that the European System for the protection of Human rights affords a better platform for human rights protection compared to the African system and recommends the adoption of measures to strengthen the protection of human rights under the African System.
- ItemRestrictedConstitutional Entrenchment of the Land Use Act- An Argument for Excision(Department of Private And Property Law, Faculty of Law, University of Lagos, 2003) BELLO, AKEEMThe paper interrogates the purpose of the Land Use Act, the justification for entrenching the Act and conferring on it a special status under the Constitution. The paper demonstrated the problems caused by the constitutional entrenchment of the Act and established the justifications for excising the Act from the Constitution.
- ItemRestrictedCriminal Law in Nigeria in the last 53 Years: Trends and Prospects for the Future(University of Danubius, 2013) BELLO, AKEEMThe article examined developments in substantive criminal law in Nigeria over a period of 53 years against the background of the sharing of legislative powers to enact criminal laws between the federal and state governments. The examination of federal laws revealed proactive legislative activity responding to emerging local and international criminal law issues. The main development at the state level is the introduction by States in Northern Nigeria of Sharia Penal Codes and the enactment of the Criminal Law of Lagos State 2011. The paper noted common trends in the development of criminal laws and the fact that state criminal laws have generally failed to respond to emerging issues at the state level. The paper identified criminal law issues that States and the Federal Government should address.
- ItemOpen AccessThe Defence of Bona fide Claim of Right in Nigeria – An Appraisal(University of Ado Ekiti, NIgeria, 2003) BELLO, AKEEMThe paper reviewed the defence of Bona Fide Claim of Right under section 23 of the Criminal Code. The paper identified some problems which have arisen in the interpretation and application of the provisions in some decided cases. The paper recommends an amendment to section 23 that incorporates references to other applicable provisions of the Code and places additional limitations on the exercise of the defence of claim of right.
- ItemOpen AccessEconomic and Financial Crimes Commission (Enforcement) Regulations 2010: An Evaluation(Department of Jurisprudence and International Law, Faculty of Law, University of Lagos, Nigeria, 2015) BELLO, AKEEMThe article inquires into whether the provisions of the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (Enforcement) Regulations 2010 are within the scope of the rulemaking powers vested in the Attorney General of the Federation under section 43 of the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (Establishment) Act 2004. The appraisal was undertaken against the perception that the Regulations might have been introduced to erode the prosecutorial autonomy of the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission. The article found that the Regulations were introduced against the background of sentences imposed by courts in cases involving former political office holders pursuant to plea bargain agreements. The article also found that all the provisions of the Regulations are within the scope of the rulemaking powers under section 43, with the exception of Regulations 16, 18(1) and 21. The article further found that Regulations 22 governing the practice of plea bargaining is covered by section 43. The article submitted that an effective use of Regulations 22 offers tremendous opportunity to the Attorney General of the Federation to decline approving plea bargain agreements considered to be against public interest.
- ItemOpen AccessGift-Giving, Anti-Bribery Laws and the Nigerian Constitution: Matters Arising(Cambridge University Press, 2014) BELLO, AKEEMThe article examines the culture of gift-giving against the background of anti-bribery laws, which preclude gift-giving in certain contexts, and the Code of Conduct for Public Officers which allows gift-giving in other contexts. It identifies what is wrong with bribery and uses this to distinguish between bribery and socio-cultural gift-giving practices in Nigeria. The article finds that the Code of Conduct for Public Officers, which allows public officers to receive gifts from relatives and personal friends on occasions recognized by custom, dilutes the constitutional objective to eradicate corruption and recommends their removal
- ItemOpen AccessHarbinger of Conflicts or Building Blocks for Consensus? An Evaluation of the Practice of Separation of Powers under the 1999 Constitution(Department of Public Law, Faculty of Law, University of Lagos, Nigeria, 2013) BELLO, AKEEMThe paper examined the theory and practice of separation of powers under the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999. The various conflicts that have emerged in the practice of separation of powers in Nigeria and the role of the three arms of Government in generating and resolving the conflicts were examined. The paper finds that while the practice of separation of powers generated conflicts, it provided the building blocks for achieving consensus between the Legislature and the Executive arms. The building of consensus precludes arbitrariness and promotes good governance.
- ItemOpen AccessOverview of Plea Bargaining in Nigeria(University of Lagos Press and Bookshop Limited, 2020) BELLO, AKEEMChapter One The Emergence of Plea Bargaining in Nigeria 1.2 Meaning and Types of Plea Bargains 1.3 Constitutionality of Plea Bargains 1.4 The Case for Plea Bargaining in Nigeria 1.5 Conclusion
- ItemOpen AccessProtecting the Interest of Nigerian Citizens in Cameroonian Territories After the Decision of the ICJ on the Land and Maritime Boundary Dispute Between Cameroon and Nigeria(Faculty of Law, University of Ado Ekiti, 2004) BELLO, AKEEMThe paper reviewed the judgment of the International Court of Justice between Cameroon and Nigeria which declared Cameroonian sovereignty over the Bakassi Peninsula. After exhaustive review of international law rules governing the status of Nigerians living in the Peninsula, the paper charts the options available to the Nigerian Government to effectively protect the interest of Nigerian who have by virtue of the judgment became an alien in the land of their birth.
- ItemOpen AccessUnited Nations and African Union Conventions on Corruption and Anti-Corruption Legislations in Nigeria: A Comparative Analysis(Edinburgh University Press, 2014) BELLO, AKEEMThe paper is a comparative analysis of United Nations and African Union Conventions on Corruption and Anti-Corruption Legislations in Nigeria. It examines the obligations assumed by Nigeria under the two Conventions and the extent to which Nigeria has criminalised the corrupt practices set out under both conventions. The paper notes that Nigeria has substantially criminalised majority of the corrupt practices under both conventions. The paper recommends that existing gaps in Nigerian laws on non-criminalisation of bribery involving only private sector actors, bribery of foreign public officials and the offence of illicit enrichment should be filled by amending relevant laws.
- ItemRestricted“What is Wrong with Bribery? A comparative Analysis of United Kingdom and Nigerian Anti-Bribery Statutes”(Routledge Taylor and Francis Group, 2013) BELLO, AKEEMThe article appraises the various approaches to conceptualizing the wrong in bribery adopting a comparative analysis of the UK Bribery Act 2010 (UK Act) and Nigerian anti-bribery statutes. The article found that the definition of the offence of bribery under the UK Act best captures what is wrong with bribery and should form a platform to reform Nigerian anti-bribery laws. The paper also found that the articulation of what is wrong with bribery also provides a tool to understand what is wrong with other manifestations of corruption.