The Occupational Prestige of Engineering: Perceptions of Students Engineers in Nigeria
Within the framework of occupational prestige assessment, a survey was carried out amongst future engineers in Nigeria to determine their perception of engineering profession relative to a range of occupations. A questionnaire was administered to 100 undergraduate engineering students. Eight occupations were rated on six dimensions, i.e. levels of intelligence required, income, social status, responsibility, relevance or usefulness to the society, and the proportion of women. The results indicate that future engineers in Nigeria believe their profession possesses relatively high social status, together with Bank Manager and Medical Doctor, and is differentiated from the proximate professions of Engineering technologist and Motor Mechanic. These results lead to the conclusion that engineering in Nigeria is held in high esteem - it has a clear identity and professional status, and, with the easing proportion of women, it is likely to be regarded as an equally desirable future occupation for both genders.