Removal of chromium and nickel ions from aqueous solution by adsorption on modified coconut husk

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Olayinka, K. O.
Oyedeji, A. O.
Oyeyiola, O. A.
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The study investigated the adsorption of Cr(VI) and Ni(II) on modified coconut husk (low cost adsorbent) for the remediation of Cr(VI) and Ni(II) from some synthetic industrial waste effluents. The coconut husk was modified by mixing with 0.1 M NaOH and HCl respectively. The effects of varying adsorbent loading, hydrogen ion concentration, contact time and temperature of adsorption were studied. Similar experiments were carried out using unmodified coconut husk, in order to compare the results obtained from the modification experiments. The result showed that the HCl modified adsorbent gave 96% ± 3.6 removal for Cr(VI) at a pH of 4.0 while about 99% ± 0.7 of Ni(II) was removed at a higher pH of 7.0. The unmodified adsorbent gave a 90% ± 8.8 adsorption for Cr(VI) and 97% ± 1.5 for Ni(II) respectively. However, the NaOH modified adsorbent gave the least adsorption of 40% ± 9.9 for Cr(VI) and 80% ± 6.1 for Ni(II). The equilibrium data for the adsorption of Cr(VI) and Ni(II) on coconut husk wastested using both the Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms. The Freundlich isotherm was found to be more suitable for Cr(VI) adsorption, while the Langmuir isotherm was observed to better for Ni adsorption on coconut husk. To evaluate the mechanism of adsorption, pseudo-first order and second order kinetic models were used. The adsorption mechanism was found fit the second order. The HCl modified adsorbent gave the best result for removal of Cr(VI) from synthetic industrial effluents.
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Research Subject Categories::NATURAL SCIENCES::Chemistry::Analytical chemistry::Separation methods , Heavy metals , low cost adsorbents , remediation , waste water
Olayinka, O. K., Oyedeji, O. A., & Oyeyiola, A. (2009). Removal of chromium and nickel ions from aqueous solution by adsorption on modified coconut husk. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 3(10).