Regional Integration in Southeast Asia: modelling for African integration
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University of Lagos Press
The Southeast Asian region, which is the focus of this chapter, has been actively involved in the re- awakening and intensification of regionalism and regional integration. The ten countries in the region—Cambodia, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam—belong to several trade blocs at various levels of economic integration. Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand are members of APEC. The Lao People’s Democratic Republic, the Philippines and Thailand are members of the Bangkok Agreement, which also includes Bangladesh, India and Sri Lanka in South Asia and the Republic of Korea in Northeast Asia. The East Asian Economic Caucus (EAEC) brings together ten Asian countries including Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. There is also the Colombo Plan, which has twenty-six members including all the countries of Southeast Asia except Brunei. Although the Plan is not dedicated to economic integration, it provides aid for economic development and therefore contributes indirectly to promoting the objectives of regional integration. The earliest attempt to foster regional integration in Southeast Asia was in fact made through the Colombo Plan. However, the attempt failed and it was not until the late 1960s that serious efforts were made to promote regional integration. This led to the establishment first of the Association of Southeast Asia, ASA, the Asian and Pacific Council, ASPAC, and subsequently of the Association of South-East Asian Nations, ASEAN, which has an exclusive Southeast Asian membership. All the ten countries in the region are members of ASEAN. The chapter explores the evolution of regional integration in Southeast Asia.
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Regionalism and regional integration , Economic development , Southeast Asian region , Economic integration , Trade blocs , Evolution
Regional Integration in Southeast Asia: Modelling for African Integration in R. T. Akinyele (ed.) African Integration: Images and Perspectives (2006), Lagos: University of Lagos Press, 70-107.