Epidemiological study of histologically diagnosed oral and maxillofacial lesions in a Nigerian geriatric population.
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University of Lagos Journal of Dental Sciences
Introduction: Ageing is inevitable and there is a growing population of the elderly group globally due to improved sanitations and quality of life. The effects of ageing associated with disease conditions including the oral cavity must be understood. Objective: We aim to describe the pattern and distribution of oral problems of the elderly group according to the clinical and histopathologic diagnoses from the three major referral centres in South Western Nigeria. Materials and Methods: A descriptive retrospective study was carried out using archived records of cases of elderly seen at the three institutions over a period of 35 years (1980-2015). Information about sex, age and histopathological diagnosis (categorized in non-neoplastic and neoplastic lesions) of participants older than 60 years was collected. Simple and relative frequencies of sociodemographic variables were calculated and comparison between variables was done using chi-square Results: The study showed a female preponderance. Pyogenic granuloma 52(6.1%), ameloblastoma 46(5.4%) and squamous cell carcinoma 265 (30.9%), were the most prevalent inflammatory, benign and malignant lesion seen respectively. Conclusion: Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common lesion seen in the elderly based on clinical and-histopathologic diagnosis. Further hospital-based studies and epidemiological surveys are needed to ascertain the prevalence of oral lesions in geriatrics in Nigerians.
Oral and maxillofacial lesions , Geriatric population , Research Subject Categories::ODONTOLOGY
Akinshipo AO, Akinyamoju AO, Soyele O, Effiom OO, Adeyemo WL. Epidemiological study of histologically diagnosed oral and maxillofacial lesions in a Nigerian geriatric population. University of Lagos Journal of Dental Sciences 2018; 2: 26-32.