. Nutritional knowledge, dietary habits and nutritional status of diabetic patients attending teaching hospitals in Lagos, Nigeria.
Background: This study assessed the nutritional knowledge, dietary habits, and nutritional status of adult diabetic patients attending teaching hospitals in Lagos State, Nigeria. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among adult diabetic patients attending the out-patient clinics of the two Teaching Hospitals in Lagos. Respondents were recruited from the clinics consecutively until the desired sample size (342) was obtained. A pre-tested interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect data. Dietary habits were assessed using a food frequency questionnaire and BMI was assessed following standard procedure and compared with the World Health Organization (WHO) standards. Data were analyzed using IBM SPSS (Version 20). Chi-square and fisher’s exact probability test were used to determine the association between variables. The level of significance was set at a p-value of less than 5%. Results: The mean age of the respondents was 59.6 + 13.0 years. Only 125 (37%) of the respondents had good nutritional knowledge. The majority ate three meals every day, 237 (69.3%), and have had dietary counseling, 255 (74.6%). More than half of the respondents, 202 (59.1%) skipped meals, 80 (23.4%) consumed alcohol while only 42 (12.3%) ate fruits and vegetables daily. The commonest food consumed was processed cereals. The majority of the respondents were overweight or obese (74%). Obesity was associated with being female and not having dietary counseling. Conclusion: Nutritional knowledge and dietary habits were poor while overweight and obesity were high. Dietary counseling will be necessary to improve the dietary pattern and nutritional status of diabetic patients.
Dietary pattern , Body mass index , Diabetic patients , Teaching hospitals , Lagos, Nigeria , Research Subject Categories::MEDICINE
Olatona F A, Airede CA, Aderibigbe SA, Osibogun A. Nutritional knowledge, dietary habits and nutritional status of diabetic patients attending teaching hospitals in Lagos, Nigeria. Journal of community medicine and primary health care. 2019, 31 (2): 90-103