Male involvement in female partners’ screening for breast and cervical cancers in Southwest Nigeria
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Background Breast and cervical cancers are in the top 10 most common cancers in women globally and the most common cancers in Nigerian women. The incidences have been rising steadily over the years. Involvement of men as key players in reproductive health issues has been receiving global attention especially in low and middle-income countries Aim To assess male involvement in their female partners’ screening for breast and cervical cancers in Southwest, Nigeria. Method This was a community-based, cross-sectional study that employed a multi-stage sampling method to select 254 men who were married or in steady relationships in Lagos State, Southwest Nigeria. Data were collected from June to October 2018 using a semi-structured interviewer-administered questionnaire, analyzed using Epi Info version 3.5.1 and summarized with mean and standard deviation. Chi-square test was used for bivariate statistics, and the p-value of ≤0.05 was considered statistically significant. Multivariable logistic regression was used for predictor variables of male involvement in screening. Results 29.5% of the respondents had good knowledge of breast and cervical cancers and screening and majority (85.5%) had a positive attitude towards screening. Only few, 19.3% and 15.7% had provided money for breast and cervical cancer screening respectively. Most men, 75% and 87.4% respectively had not accompanied their wife/female partner for breast and cervical cancer screening, while almost half (49.2%) and one-third (33.5%) respectively, had encouraged their female partners to screen for breast and cervical cancers. Overall, only about half, 138 (54.3%) of the men were considered ‘involved’ in their female partners’ screening for breast and cervical cancers. Male involvement was significantly associated with screening for female cancers (χ2 = 77.62, p = 0.001). Older age group (AOR = 2.64, 95% CI: 1.3–4.9), higher educational attainment (AOR = 3.51, 95% CI: 1.14–10.73), and positive attitude (AOR = 2.48, 95% CI:1.16–5.33) were found to be the predictors of male involvement. Conclusion Community-based programs for males, especially the younger and less educated, should be implemented to increase their involvement. It is also suggested that mass media messages be spread and online platforms be explored in order to increase men’s awareness and participation in female cancer screening.
Okafor IP, Kukoyi FO, Kanma-Okafor OJ, Izuka MO (2023) Male involvement in female partners’ screening for breast and cervical cancers in Southwest Nigeria. PLoS ONE 18(5):