Environmental protection and management: A need for oil spill survey
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Nwakuche, E. E
Nigerian Institution of Surveyors
The problem of oil pollution in various land, Marine and estuarine environments has received considerable scientific attention with respect to the fates and effects of petroleum spills, as well as inherent toxicities to the specific biological and physical ecosystem components and individual species. It is most certain that the incidence of oil spills resulting from tanker traffic, offshore and onshore drilling and associated activities will increase in the years to come as the world's demand for petroleum and petroleum products continues to be on the rise. Drift is a large scale phenomena and is a measure of the movement of the centre of mass of an oil slick. Drift is primarily controlled by wind, waves and surface currents and is independent of the spreading and spill volume. Drift is also strongly influenced by tidal currents. This paper seeks to detail how to improve the management of basic resources (e.g., oil) and the rehabilitation of environmental conditions through the involvement of surveyors. Numerous government agencies have specific functions anti activities related to environmental protection and management. Assembling the environmental components from these agencies requires detailed survey of the environment. The surveyor's details in terms of plans, maps, photographs and database provide a strong centralized control. The surveyor have four major functions in the control of oil pollution: evaluation which involves prospective investigation of the polluted area; research which involves adopting standards through mathematical model, monitoring which involves the impact assessment and information exchange with other professionals.
Being text of paper presented at the Technical Session of the 32nd Annual General Meeting and Conference of the Nigerian Institution of Surveyors with the theme Surveying Profession in the 3rd Millennium held at Oba Akenzua II CUltural Centre, Benin City, Nigeria.
Oil pollution , Biological ecosystem , Toxicities , Oil slick , Oil spill , Environmental pollution
Nwakuche, E. E. (2000). Environmental protection and management: a need for oil spill survey. Being text of paper presented at the Technical Session of the 32nd Annual General Meeting and Conference of the Nigerian Institution of Surveyors held at Oba Akenzua II CUltural Centre, Benin City, Nigeria