Oral Health Status and Diet Habit of Institutionalized Elderly Group.

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Annals of biomedical Sciences
Objectives: the objective of the study was to determine the oral health status and diet habits of institutionalized elders in Lagos, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among institutionalized elders in Lagos State, Nigeria. Age and sex matched non-institionalized elderly were also selected to serve as control for the study. Data were obtained through interviewer - administered questionnaire and clinical oral examination was carried out. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 20. Results A total of 100 subjects with age range 60-90years participated in the study. Majority of the subjects in institutions were widows. Socioeconomic class was a strong factor determining institutionalization(P=0.016). Oral hygiene of institutionalized elders was poor compared with non-institutionalized counterpart (p<0.05). None (0%) of the institutionalized subjects wore any form of prosthesis compared to their non -institutionalized counterpart -63.2%-(p<0.05). There was a significant association between association between education and dental status of subjects (p<0.05). Edentulism and soft diet were significantly associated(p<0.05). Conclusion: Oral health status of the institutionalized elders was poor compared to the non-institutionalized elderly but diet habits were relatively the same in both studied groups.
Akinboboye B O, Ajayi Y O, Azodo C C. Oral Health Status and Diet Habit of Institutionalized Elderly Group. Annals of biomedical Sciences 2018;3: 44 – 54.