Fetal congenital anomaly in tertiary hospital in Lagos, south-west Nigeria: A review of presentation and its outcome

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Osanyin, G
Odeseye, AK
Okojie, OO
Akinajo, OR
Okusanya, BO
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Background: Congenital Anomalies are a major contributor to perinatal deaths worldwide. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 303,000 newborns die within the first 4 weeks of life worldwide as a result of it. The exact cause is often difficult to determine and as such efforts are geared towards prevention AIM AND OBJECTIVE: This study was done to determine the common presentations as well as epidemiological features of pregnant women with anomalous fetus and at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital. This may help to develop strategies for patient counseling and management. Method: This study is a retrospective, cross sectional hospital based study conducted at the department of Obstetrics and Gyneacology of the Lagos University Teaching Hospita,l Idi-Araba during the period Jan 2012-Dec 2016. Relevant information regarding maternal age, parity, gestational age and pregnancy outcomes was documented from the delivery records of the mothers. Results: One hundred (100) babies out of the total of 5,747 babies within the period under study were born with congenital anomalies giving a prevalence rate of 1.7% at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital. The commonest congenital anomaly seen was hydrocephalus, others were omphalocele, anorectal anomalies and multiple congenital anomalies (in particular neural tube defects coexisting with various forms of limb defects). Conclusions: Public awareness of the importance of preconceptional care, elimination of environmental risk factors as well as provision of prenatal diagnostic facilities and improvement of antenatal care are of great benefit in early detection and management of congenital anomalies.
Scholarly articles
Prevalence of congenital anomalies , Anomaly fetus , Fetal anomalies , LUTH , Research Subject Categories::MEDICINE::Surgery::Obstetrics and women's diseases::Obstetrics and gynaecology
Osanyin GE, Odeseye AK, Okojie OO, Akinajo OR, Okusanya BO. Fetal congenital anomaly in tertiary hospital in Lagos, south-west Nigeria: A review of presentation and its outcome. West Afr J Med, 2019;36(1):25-28.