Cassava Wastewater and Solid Waste Leachate as Cyanogenic Substrates for the Growth of Nitrile and Linamarin-Utilizing Bacteria. Journal of Tropical Life Science, Vol.9(1), 79-87p.
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University of Lagos Press, Akoka
The direct discharge of wastewaters containing cyanogenic compounds poses se-vere health hazards, hence this study aimed to establish the biodegradative poten-tial of nitrile and linamarin utilizing bacterial strains in the degradation of cyano-gens in cassava wastewaters (CWW) and solid waste leachates (SWL). Glutaro-nitrile-utilizing bacterial strains (Bacillus sp. strain WOD8 KX774193 and Corynebacterium sp. strains WOIS2 KX774194) were isolated from solid waste leachates while linamarin-utilizing bacteria strains (Bacillus pumilus strain WOB3 KX774195 and Bacillus pumilus strain WOB7 KX774196) were isolated from cassava wastewaters. They were identified on the basis of morphological and bi-ochemical characteristics, microscopic and 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Microbial growth assessment coupled with pH changes were performed under aerobic batch conditions. Growth was evaluated at intervals (2 days) by the intensity of turbidity (O.D. 600 nm) in CWW and SWL media. The doubling times of strains WOD8 and WOIS2 when grown on CWW and SWL (without supplementing mineral salts medium) were 12.83 and 10.83 d (specific growth rate, μ: 0.054 and 0.064 d-1) and 20.38 and 17.77 d (μ: 0.034 and 0.039 d-1) respectively. Also, strains WOD8 and WOIS2 grew on supplemented CWW and SWL with doubling times of 10.04 and 9.9 d (μ: 0.069 and 0.070 d-1) and 16.12 and 16.12 d (μ: 0.043 and 0.043 d-1) respectively. Similarly, the doubling times of strains WOB3 and WOB7 when grown on CWW and SWL (without supplementing mineral salts medium) were 8.25 and 7.53 d (μ: 0.084 and 0.092 d-1) and 8.66 and 9.90 d (μ: 0.080 and 0.070 d-1) respectively. Whereas, the same strains had doubling times of 6.30 and 5.78 (μ: 0.11 and 0.12 d-1) and 6.30 and 9.24 (μ: 0.11 and 0.075 d-1) respectively when grown on supplemented CWW and SWL. It would appear that CWW has the high-est potential as a natural growth substrate than SWL, and its use for biomass pro-duction may contribute to a reduction in the overall environmental impact gener-ated by discarding cyanogenic residues.
Cassava wastewater , Solid waste leachate , Bacterial strains , Doubling times , Specific growth rates , Cyanogenic , Research Subject Categories::FORESTRY, AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES and LANDSCAPE PLANNING
Ogunyemi, O.O, Samuel, T.A, Ilori, M.O and Amund, O.O (2019). Cassava Wastewater and Solid Waste Leachate as Cyanogenic Substrates for the Growth of Nitrile and Linamarin-Utilizing Bacteria. Journal of Tropical Life Science, Vol.9(1), 79-87p.