Knowledge, Risk Perception and Behaviour on HIV/AIDS amongst Students of Tertiary Institutions in Lagos State, Nigeria

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Ojikutu, R.K
Adeleke, I.A
Yusuf, T
Ajijola, L.A
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This Study was focused on the behavior and risk perception of HIV/AIDS among students of tertiary institutions in Lagos State, Nigeria because researches have shown that the school environment provide fertile grounds for high sexual risk behavior (Adefuye et al.,2009). The study which was conducted over a period of three months considered a sample of five randomly selected tertiary institutions in the State and 1200 multiple-choice format questionnaires were distributed to the students out of which 1095 (91.33 percent) were completed and returned. Data generated were analyzed using SPSS version 15. Apart from simple descriptive statistics, correspondence analysis was used to show relationship between the demographic background of the students, their health risk perception and behavior on HIV/AIDS. The result showed that as many as twenty four percent of the students have multiple sex partners, about 44 percent of who do not like using condom. Having multiple sex partners was found to have significant effect on decision on infection prevention technique adopted by the student. About 43.69 percent of those who have multiple sex partners agree that they are engaging in risky sexual behavior. Only 54.63 percent of those who have heard about HIV/AIDS are willing to use condom and 71.33 percent of the respondents are very concerned about the alarming rate of spread of the disease. The correspondence analysis showed that within the age range of 26 to 30 years students are not too comfortable with having roommates who are HIV/AIDS infected while the older students (those who are 30 years and above) feel very comfortable with sharing hostel room with them. Also, it was found that most students with multiple sex partners use female condom while those E-Leader Budapest 2010 with single partners prefer using male condom. Number of sex partners was found to determine the periods between going for HIV/Aids test. While those with multiple sex partners have undergone HIV test within six months before our survey, those with single sex partners have not do so in the last six months. Age was found to be a factor in determining the decision to use protection during sex. The population at risk are those in the age bracket of 19 to 30 years, as they have multiple sex partners and seldom go for test. The implication for insurance was discussed.
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Ojikutu, R.K, Adeleke, I.A, Yusuf, T and Ajilola, L.A (2010) Knowledge, Risk Perception and Behaviour on HIV/AIDS amongst Students of Tertiary Institutions in Lagos State, Nigeria. E-Leaders Budapest.