Principal component analysis of urban expansion drivers in greater Lagos, Nigeria

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Abiodun, O. E.
Olaleye, J. B.
Olusina, J. O.
Omogunloye, O.G.
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Journal ISSN
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Nigerian Journal of Environmental Science and Technology (NIJEST)
Urban expansion has been identified as a major cause of global climatic and environmental changes. Accurate and up-to-date information about urban expansion in terms of the drivers responsible for this expansion are important for long term planning and sustainable urban development. Lagos is one of the cities that have undergone rapid urban enlargement in the last few decades and, many factors have been adduced to contribute to its sprawling. Therefore, this study aims at using the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) for identifying the principal drivers of urban expansion in greater Lagos. In this study, a set of fourteen (14) drivers of expansion are considered in a multinucleic structure. A sequence of Landsat images of the study area for 1984, 2001, 2006 and 2013 was acquired and processed to six land use classes: dense, moderate urban, water, vegetation, wetland and mangrove. The study area was partitioned into 25 regular cells of 20km by 25km each from where proximate driver values were obtained. The effectiveness of each driver was tested using PCA. The results show that Land Availability accounted for 37.836% of total variance. This result of this study may form the basis for a renewed attention on land policy in the study area as a way to enhance sustainable development.
Scholarly articles
PCA , Expansion , Drivers , Lagos , Development , Criterion , Research Subject Categories::SOCIAL SCIENCES
Abiodun, O. E., Olaleye, J. B., Olusina, J. O., & Omogunloye, O. G. (2017). Principal Component Analysis of Urban Expansion Drivers in Greater Lagos, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Environmental Sciences and Technology (NIJEST) Vol, 1(1), 156-168.