Assessment of Group versus Individual Diabetes Education

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Fasanmade, O.O
Odeniyi, I.A
Fasanmade, O.A
Olopade, O.B
Chimah, P.O
Ohwovoriole, A.E
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Endocrine and Metabolism Society of Nigeria
Assessment of Groups versus Individual Diabetes Education Background: Diabetes education (DE) has been shown to improve diabetes knowledge, attitudes, self-care behaviours, metabolic control and quality of life in persons living with DM. It can be delivered in group or individual setting and both have been shown to be effective. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of individual and group interventions on anthropometric indices, blood pressure, glycaemic control and quality of life (QoL) of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients attending the Lagos University Teaching Hospital. Methodology: This was a prospective randomized intervention trial using a structured DE programme. One hundred and fifty-three subjects with T2DM were randomised into 3 groups namely: group diabetes education (GDE), individual diabetes education (IDE) and control groups. Subjects were seen over a period of 16 weeks: at weeks 0,1,2,3,10 and 16. Intervention groups had 4 sessions of DE at weeks 0,1,2 and 3. Data collected at baseline and end of study included HbA1c, FPG, QoL, anthropometric indices and blood pressure. Analysis was performed with IBM SPSS 22. P-value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The GDE arm had the following mean (95% CI) changes: MBI -0.07(-0.22,0.36)kg/m2, Hba1C -0.91(0.49,1.33)%, QoL -14.20 (9.96,18.43). While the IDE arm had the following mean changes: BMI -0.07(-0.24,0.39)kg/m2 , HbA1c -1.09(0.61,1.57)% and QoL -11.91(7.94,15.88). Mean changes were similar between the two arms (P>0.05). Conclusion: Diabetes Education delivered in either group or individual formats are equally effective in improving glycaemic control and QoL of T2DM Nigerians
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Diabetes education , Quality of life , Glycaemic control , Individual or Group , Research Subject Categories::MEDICINE
Fasanmade OO, Odeniyi IA, Fasanmade OA, Olopade OB, Chimah PO, Ohwovoriole AE. (2019). Assessment of Group versus Individual Diabetes Education.