A new route to sol-gel crystalline wollastonite bioceramic.

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Adams, L.A.
Essien, E.R.
Kaufmann, E.E.
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Taylor & Francis
Artificial bone graft materials formed from wollastonite have been extensively used in bone repair because of their high degree of bioactivity and biocompatibility, thereby justifying the development of a protocol for large-scale production. This work reports a novel route for preparing wollastonite via the sol-gel process using bentonite clay as a cheap silica source. The obtained wollastonite was characterized for morphology, elemental composition, phase composition and bioactivity using scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray analysis, X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Results obtained revealed that wollastonite phase was successfully formed in the material and it showed ability to induce formation of apatite within 0.5 day in biological fluid, an indicator for bone-bonding capability. Overall, the wollastonite prepared from the bentonite clay exhibited properties comparable to that synthesized from commercially obtained sodium metasilicate. Hence, our synthetic route may be useful for commercial-scale preparation of wollastonite.
Research Subject Categories::NATURAL SCIENCES::Chemistry::Inorganic chemistry::Bio-inorganic chemistry
Adams, L. A., Essien, E. R., & Kaufmann, E. E. (2018). A new route to sol-gel crystalline wollastonite bioceramic. Journal of Asian Ceramic Societies, 6(2), 132-138.