Fuzzy logic modeling of bioaccumulation pattern of metals in coastal biota of Ondo State, Nigeria
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The accumulation patterns of ten metals in tissues of plant, Eichornia crassipes, and fishes, Hydrocynus forskahlii and Oreochromis mossambicus, were modeled with simple fuzzy classification (SFC) to assess toxic effects of anthropogenic activities on the coastal biota. The plant sample was separated into root, stem, and leaves and the fishes into bones, internal tissues, and muscles. They were analyzed for As,Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, V, Fe, Mn, and Zn after wet oxidation of their dried samples. The results were converted into membership functions of five accumulation classes and aggregated with SFC. The classification results showed that there was no metal accumulation in the plant parts while the fishes were classified into low accumulation category. The internal tissues of the fishes had higher metal accumulation than the other parts. Generally, Fe and Mn had highest concentrations in the biota but are natural to the area and may not constitute significant risk. Cr had the highest transfer and accumulation from the coastal water into the aquatic lives and may be indicative of risk prone system being a toxic metal. Metal contaminations in the zone had not significantly accumulated in the biota making them less prone to risk associated with metal accumulation.
Fuzzy logic , Metals , Coastal area , Biological tissues
Agunbiade, F. O., Olu-Owolabi, B. I., & Adebowale, K. O. (2012). Fuzzy logic modeling of bioaccumulation pattern of metals in coastal biota of Ondo State, Nigeria. Environmental monitoring and assessment, 184(1), 89-102.