Correlation studies of heavy metals concentration with sediment properties of some rivers surrounding the Lagos lagoon
No Thumbnail Available
Oyeyiola, A. O.
Olayinka, K. O.
Alo, B. I.
Lagos lagoon is a highly polluted water body, which receives enormous amount of domestic and industrial wastes from rivers and streams. In this study, two main Lagos urban rivers Odo-Iyaalaro and Shasha rivers that receive industrial effluents and empty into the Lagos Lagoon were examined. The sediments at the bottom of waters play a role in the study of pollution in the rivers. Upstream of Odo-Iyaalaro River (Point 1) receives the largest volume of effluents and showed the highest level of heavy metals in sediments with concentrations of 108.3mg/l for Pb, 805mg/l for Zn, 94.5mg/l for Cu, 31mg/l for Cr and 42.1 mg/l for Cd. Down the river, the levels decreased to 25mg/l for Pb, 64.5 mg/l for Zn, 22mg/l for Cu, 15.9 mg/l for Cr and 1.9 mg/l for Cd. A good correlation was found to exist between the level of Zn in water and sediment, and also between the CEC and %silt-clay of sediments. Shasha River receives relatively fewer amounts of industrial effluents, but is relatively the main receptacle for municipal and land-based waste. The levels of heavy metals in Shasha River were lower compared with that of Odo-Iyaalaro River, with the upstream points showing concentrations of 20.5mg/l for Pb, 25.3mg/l for Zn, 7.9mg/l for Cu, 30.8 mg/l for Cr and 1.5mg/l for Cd. A good correlation exists between the CEC and all the metals determined, and between the %organic carbon and all the metals determined. Compared with literature data, the results of heavy metals gave an indication of pollution.
Research Subject Categories::NATURAL SCIENCES::Chemistry::Analytical chemistry::Separation methods , correlation , heavy metals , sediments , caution exchange capacity , rivers
Oyeyiola, A. O., Olayinka, K. O., & Alo, B. I. (2006). Correlation studies of heavy metals concentration with sediment properties of some rivers surrounding the Lagos Lagoon. Nigerian Journal of Health and Biomedical Sciences, Vol.5(1), 118-122pp.