Syntaxique Theories and French in Nigeria

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Ariole, V.C.
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French is a security case in Nigeria. We are surrounded by French speaking countries, and French language itself is a security tool in the United Nations. Thus, French affects all the facets of our economy and nationhood. The recent pronouncement of the Head State, General Sani Abacha, on adopting French as a second official language is welcome. However, as French teachers, it behoves us to introduce French in such a way to facilitate its assimilation by Nigerians. We decided to carry out a study on the syntaxique theories and how they apply to French language and its easier assimilation. Traditional structural, funtional and transformational syntaxique methods/theories were reviewed. In the review we sought to know which of them explains best the use of French language in the West African sub-region. A Francophone author - Ahmadou Kourouma - was the object of study. We discovered that he attracted a lot of critiques in his use of French. At the same time, his works received prizes in Canada as well as France. Thus, a review os his critics were carried otu. We tried to merge the critics views and the syntaxique theories studied so as to find out the gaps in the use of French by Kourouma and the theories available. As Kourouma comes from an ethnic group that spread all the Francophone West Africa, we tried to relate the acceptance of hi French by this group and note the therein for possible adaptation in Nigerian. It will also help in quickening the integration process in the sub-region
French , Nigeria , Economy , Nationhood , Syntax , Sytaxique theories , West African sub-region , Francophone , Regional integration
Paper presented at the XVth Conference of Linguistic Association of Nigeria (CLAN) Held in Usman Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria