Dysglycaemia and lifestyle factors in Calabar, South East Nigeria

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Enang, O
Essien, O
Otu, A
Ohwovoriole, A
Fasanmade, O.A
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Taylor and Andrew
Objective: To determine the relationship between dysglycaemia and lifestyle factors in residents of Calabar South, East Nigeria. Method: A cross-sectional survey, comprising 1 134 subjects (645 males and 489 females), and representative of the entire population of Calabar metropolis aged 15-79 was studied. A multistage sampling method was applied to select the subjects for the study, which involved the selection of four wards by randomisation from the 22 wards of Calabar, and 50 households from each of the four wards, who were selected using the table of random numbers, from which eligible individuals aged 15-79 years from the 200 households selected were recruited. Using a modification of the WHO STEPS instrument, the information obtained included anthropometric indices, smoking, physical activity and alcohol intake. Anthropometric indices were expressed as a mean (SD). The comparison of means between groups was performed using independent Student’s t-test. The strength of association between the quantitative variables was determined using Pearson’s product-moment correlation coefficient. The level of significance was taken to be p-value < 0.05. Results: The overall prevalence of dysglycaemia was 23.6% (24.2% males and 22.9% females), and undiagnosed diabetes mellitus was present in 6.5% (7.9% in males and 4.7% in females). Lifestyle factors significantly associated with dysglycaemia in this study were alcohol intake, smoking and physical inactivity. Others risk factors were a family history of diabetes mellitus and hypertension. Conclusion: There is significant association between dysglycaemia and lifestyle factors.
Diabetes, Calabar, lifestyle
Enang O, Essien O, Otu A, Fasanmade O, Ohwovoriole A. Dysglycaemia and lifestyle factors in Calabar, South East Nigeria. Journal of Endocrinology, Metabolism and diabetes of South Africa. 2014;19(1):24 CP 1