Reduction of Chemical Oxygen Demand and Potentially Toxic Metals in Leachates Generated from Isolo Dumpsite using Different Coagulants
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University of Lagos Press, Akoka
Leachate samples were collected from Isolo dumpsite within a seven month period, at eight different times after rainfall. The characterization of the leachate shows that they were sourced from an old landfill. The highest concentration of chemical oxygen demand (COD), biological oxygen demand (BOD) and total organic carbon (TOC) in the most polluted leachate samples were 392 mg/L, 203 mg/L and 5090 mg/L respectively. The levels of Fe, Pb, Cu and Zn were 19.7 mg/L, 2.06 mg/L, 2.18 mg/L and 3.50 mg/L respectively. Three different coagulants: ferric chloride, ferrous sulphate and aluminium sulphate were used to treat the most polluted leachate sample. Different pH and concentrations were investigated to obtain the optimal dosage for the most effective coagulant. The experimental results showed that at a neutral pH, 96% COD, 66.2% Fe, 94.3% Zn reductions were achieved at the lowest concentration of 1000 mg/L of Al2SO4.14H2O while FeCl3 and FeSO4 gave <96% reduction at a high concentration of 25,000 mg/L. The pH of 3, 5, 9 and 11 at optimal dosage of Al2SO4.14H2O gave 14%, 78%, 82%, 88% reduction of COD respectively. The result therefore indicates that Al2SO4.14H2O is the most effective of the three coagulants with optimal pH and dosage of 7 and 1000 mg/L respectively.
Coagulant , Leachate , Potentially Toxic Metals , Landfill
Oluseyi, T.O, Hamed, M.O and Ibeh, K.I (2015). Reduction of Chemical Oxygen Demand and Potentially Toxic Metals in Leachates Generated from Isolo Dumpsite using Different Coagulants. Unilag Journal of Medicine, Science and Technology, Vol.3(2), 77-86p.