Design and Evaluation of Structural Shielding of a Typical Radiotherapy Facility Using EGSnrc Monte Carlo Code
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Ibitoye, A. Z.
Adedokun, M. B.
Orotoye, T. A.
Udo, G. B.
Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the shielding integrity of a typical radiotherapy facility using the Monte Carlo (MC) method. Materials and Methods: EGSnrc MC code was used to design a radiotherapy bunker with appropriate materials and thicknesses. A concrete density of 2.36 g/cm3 was used as a shielding material for primary and secondary barriers. The lead slab was used in the entrance door. The complex geometries of the bunker were modeled by using the egs++ application code embedded in the software. Phase‑space generated from a linac machine built with BEAMnrc codes was used as a source of 18 MV X‑ray beam set at 100 cm source–surface distance with a field size of 40 cm × 40 cm. Energy deposited in each geometrical region was evaluated and analyzed. Results: Energy deposited at the entrance door, supervised and controlled areas were found to be approximately 0%. No significant difference in the energy deposition on the geometries was observed when the gantry angles were set at either 90° or 270° (P = 1). Conclusion: The findings in this study revealed that the EGSnrc MC code can be used as a veritable tool in the design and evaluation of structural shielding efficiency in a radiotherapy facility.
Ibitoye, A. Z., Adedokun, M. B., Orotoye, T. A., & Udo, G. B. (2022). Design and Evaluation of Structural Shielding of a Typical Radiotherapy Facility Using EGSnrc Monte Carlo Code. Journal of medical physics, 47(1), 27–33. https://doi.org/10.4103/jmp.jmp_76_21