Renewable Energy and Population Control in Africa
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Population levels determine the energy demand. The larger the population, the more the total energy required. Population therefore exogenously determines energy consumption. Agricultural operations, domestic activities)ighting, industry, etc are achieved with human beings, fuelwood, kerosene and electricity as direct sources of which children contribute a crucial percentage of the labour for gathering. fuelwood, fetching water and grazing livestock. Gathering fuelwood and fetching water can be eliminated by the supply of cooking fuel and potable water. The villagers will loose nothing if the traditional system of obtaining water and illumination is replaced with a community biogas plant system. Alternative energy strategies can contribute to a reduction in the rate of population growth if they are directed preferentially towards women Is needs. Gender bias is the most single important cause of population growth. It is therefore A primary cause of poverty because it prevents many women from obtaining the education, training, health services, child care and legal status needed to escape from poverty. If biogas plants are installed in rural settings,the population would have gained the following:- Deep bore hole water Less effort to get the improved water Reduction in the incidence of water-borne intestinal diseases Better illumination than the traditional kerosene lamps Less pressure on the women to finish their chores during daylight. Improved fertilizer which has greater nitrogen content.
Renewable Energy , Population
Ugoji, E.O (1999) Renewable Energy and Population Control in Africa