Degree of Compactness of Local Government Areas in Nigeria

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Omojola, A.S
Fasona, M.J
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Geoinformation Society of Nigeria (GEOSON)
Various reasons have been adduced for the creation and increasing demand for local government administration in Nigeria. Most often than none, geography and space is not always considered. This is the reason while in most cases local governments are created with controversial headquarters. In other words, in Nigeria, local governments are created first and the headquarters becomes an insolvable political decision. GIS is vital in drawing of political district boundaries and in delineating boundaries for local government administration. This paper discusses the compactness and other spatial indices and attributes of the local government areas in Nigeria using GIS. Markurdi (Benue), Sokoto North (Sokoto), Nembe (Bayelsa), Igbo-Eze North (Enugu), Hadejia (Jigawa) and Yola South (Adamawa) are the LGAs with the best regularity having ci of 1.06, 1.08, 1.09, 1.09, 1.09 and 1.09 respectively. On the other extreme are Bakassi (Cross River), Mbo (Akwa-Ibom) and Mokwa (Niger) LGAs with ci of 7.91, 3.88 and 3.13 respectively.
Scholarly article
Omojola, A.S and Fasona, M.J (2004): Degree of Compactness of Local Government Areas in Nigeria, p 19-24. In Nwilo P.C, Uluocha, N.O and Saka D.N (eds): Application of Geoinformatics to the Development of Nigeria’s Resources. Geoinformation Society of Nigeria (GEOSON), NIGERIA.