Genetic diversity in Nigerian brinjal eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) as revealed by random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers

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Sifau, M. O.
Akinpelu, A.
Ogunkanmi, L. A.
Adekoya, K. O.
Oboh, B. O.
Ogundipe, O.T.
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The taxonomy of Solanum melongena L., also known as brinjal eggplant, has remained difficult because previous studies to establish genetic relationships among taxa are mainly based on morphological features, which are insufficient to establish genetic affinities. In the present investigation, five highly polymorphic random amplified polymorphic DNA primers were used to describe the genetic similarity and diversity among its accessions in Nigeria. The results show a high level of polymorphism based on the banding patterns among the samples. This indicated a wide and diverse genetic base. Four distinct clusters were equally noticeable at a coefficient of 0.80 from the dendrogram generated. Generally, the grouping pattern clearly indicates that irrespective of variations in fruit traits among samples, they were still grouped together in different clusters with a high similarity coefficient value. This probably showed some genetic relatedness/closeness among the samples concerned. The study also revealed that there is no association between RAPD pattern and the geographic origin of accessions. These agreed with previously published data on the characterization of eggplant. The study disclosed that molecular methods coupled with morphological analyses could make proper classification of S. melongena and other Solanum species in Nigeria possible to achieve.
Eggplant , random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) , Data , polymorphism , taxonomy
Sifau, M. O., Akinpelu, A., Ogunkanmi, L. A., Adekoya, K. O., Oboh, B. O. and Ogundipe, O. T. (2014). African Journal of Biotechnology 13(21): 2119-2126