A REVIEW OF THE SOCIOECONOMIC IMPACTS OF COVID-19 DISASTER IN NIGERIA
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University of Lagos Press and Bookshop Ltd
Disasters have become an issue of global concerns as occurences of events that have been catastrophic have raised apprehensions about human survival. The emergence of the novel COVID-19 pandemic is evidence that such apprehensions are not misplaced because the infection has raised serious concerns across the local, regional, and global levels. The experience of the virus globally, which transcends social class and status, has continually demonstrated and exacerbate risks such as mortality, food insecurity, economic crises, institutional weakening, and disruption of economic, health system, and social activity. However, even though COVID-19 is a global problem, its management is dependent on the socioeconomic characteristics, the available physical and social infrastructures, as well as the functional efficiency of key institutions within the specific affected region which, in turn, determines the level of its impact. In Nigeria, various measures targeted at reducing the communal spread of the virus have become imperative since the authorities could not prevent the spread of the pandemic into the country. To this end, personal and environmental hygiene, social distancing have become the societal norm while ban on large gatherings and partial and total lockdowns were imposed on the people. Despite all these strategic initiatives, the incidence of COVID-19 continues to escalate across the country. A possible explanation for this is the failure of the policy makers toconsider the country's local peculiarities and socioeconomic system in the deployment of mitigating plans for checking communal transmission of disease. Thus, this paper examines the influence of the socioeconomic institutions within the political boundary on the effectiveness of disaster management strategies. The paper also underscores ways of preventing and managing a pandemic impact with respect to COVID-19.
Impact , COVID-19 , Prevention , Mitigation , Management , Nigeria , Research Subject Categories::SOCIAL SCIENCES
Ekpeni N.M., Ogunjimi, T.F., and Ayeni A.O. (2021). A Review of the Socio Economic Impacts of COVID-19 Disaster in Nigeria. In: Bammeke, F., Akinleye S. O. and Ayeni A. O. (Eds), “The Social Impact of COVID-19 on Nigerians: Experiences, Lessons and Reflections.” University of Lagos Press and Bookshop Ltd, Chap. One, pg. 229-256