Efficiency of Cassava Steep Liquor for Bioremediation of Diesel-oil Contaminated Tropical Agricultural Soil

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Adebusoye, S.A
Ilori, M.O
Obayori, O.S
Oyetibo, G.O
Akindele, K.A
Amund, O.O
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Soil artificially contaminated with diesel oil, treated with cassava steep liquor (CSL) and designated EXPS. Similar polluted soil without CSL amendment (CSSl) and uncontaminated soil (CSS2) served as controls. There were dramatic changes in the physic-chemistry of systems EXPS and CSSl with utilization of the inorganic nutrients to near-depletion in the former than the latter. In contrast, the properties of CSS2 remained relatively stable throughout the investigated period. Similarly, the population densities of microflora in the polluted soils showed an initial decrease between days 0 and 5 before assuming an increasing trend with percent hydrocarbon-utilizers ranging significantly (P < 0.05) from 0.56 to 6.6, 0.1 to 2.46 and 0.56 to 0.26, respectively for EXPS, CSSl, and CSS2. In EXPS, the residual oil decreased from 98,045 to 1,102.3 mg/kg soil at day 35 representing about 98.88% degradation. The corresponding value for CSSl was 98,106.1 to 52,110 mg/kg soil, amounting to 46.88% oil disappearance. The GC finger prints of alkane fractions of the recovered oil reduced significantly by day 15 for EXPS with near-similar results of CSSl. However, by day 35, there was complete disappearance of all peaks including the pristane and phytane molecules in the former whereas in CSS1, there were no observable changes. The germination and growth profiles of maize seed plants as evidence of recovery of oil-impacted soils were poor in CSS1 (10%) with pronounced abnormal morphology when compared with the data obtained for EXPS (74%) and CSS2 (80%). These results suggest that CSL could be an indispensable tool in bioremediation of environments contaminated with hydrocarbons. The technology of application is simple, rapid and cost-effective and may be appropriate for use in developing countries to ameliorate the problems of petroleum pollution
Bioremediation , Liquor , Soil
Adebusoye, S.A., Ilori, M.O., Obayori, O.S, Oyetibo, G.O., Akindele, K.A. and Amund, O.O, (2010). Efficiency of Cassava Steep Liquor for Bioremediation of Diesel-oil Contaminated Tropical Agricultural Soil. Environmentalist 30, 24-34