Factors Influencing Waiting Time in Hypospadias Repair Surgery

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Idiodi-Thomas, HO
Ademuyiwa, AO
Elebute, OA
Alakoloko, FM
Bode, CO
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Wolters Kluwer
Aims: Hypospadias is a common congenital anomaly of the urethra and phallus, which is not life threatening. It is thus less prioritised in a resource‑limited setting. The aim of this study was to evaluate the management of hypospadias by our paediatric surgery unit and determine the factors affecting the delay between presentation and surgical repair while proffering possible solutions to such delay in hypospadias repair surgery. Patients and Methods: This was a retrospective review of all hypospadias repair surgeries carried out by our paediatric surgery unit over a 38‑month period, evaluating the period between presentation and first surgery for each patient. Data were analysed using IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 20.0 (IBM Corp., Released 2011, Armonk, NY, USA). Chi‑square test was used to compare categorical variables and P ≤ 0.05 was considered significant. Results: In 38 months, 47 operations for hypospadias were carried out on 42 boys. Thirty‑seven patients (88.1%) had >3 months delay to surgery. The most frequent contributory factor to delay was unavailable theatre space (13 patients, 31%). Surgical outcome was good in only 16 patients (44%). Of the 16 patients with good outcome, 10 (63%) were operated between the ages of 2–4 years (P > 0.05). Conclusions: Multiple factors are responsible for delays in carrying out hypospadias surgery in resource‑limited environments, notably securing a functional operating theatre suite in the light of more urgent conditions. To combat these delays, we recommend having dedicated hypospadias repair sessions and surgeons dedicated to hypospadias repair. Hypospadias outreach camps are also proposed.
Scholarly article
Hypospadias , congenital anomaly , urethra , Phallus , Research Subject Categories::MEDICINE::Surgery
Idiodi-Thomas HO, Ademuyiwa AO, Elebute OA, Alakaloko FM, Bode CO. Factors influencing waiting time in hypospadias repair surgery. Niger Postgrad Med J 2016;23:21-4.