Antenatal Care Services Utilization and Factors Influencing it Among Pregnant Women in a Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria.
College of Health Sciences, University of Ilorin, Nigeria
The services rendered and make the ANC services skilled health-care professionals to pregnant women affordable and accessible. and adolescent girls in order to ensure the best health conditions for both mother and foetus during Keywords: Utilization, Antenatal Care Services, pregnancy. ANC services help pregnant women and Influencing Factors, Pregnant women. care providers to identify early, complications associated with pregnancy. This study assessed level of Introduction utilization of ANC services and also identified factors Antenatal care(ANC) is an important influencing its utilization among Pregnant Women at component of reproductive health. ANC is the care Lagos University Teaching Hospital in Lagos, Nigeria provided by skilled health-care professionals to .A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted pregnant women and adolescent girls in order to ensure among 182 pregnant women attending antenatal clinic the best health conditions for both mother and baby at Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH) in during pregnancy1.The components of ANC include: Lagos, Nigeria. Data was collected using a structured risk identification; prevention and management of self-administered questionnaire and analysed pregnancy-related or concurrent diseases; and health descriptively and inferentially using Statistical education and health promotion1. ANC reduces Package of Social Science SPSS version 20. Results maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality both showed that majority of the respondents (81.4%) had directly, through detection and treatment of pregnancy good level of utilization of ANC services. Availability related complications, and indirectly, through the of facilities (81.4%), affordability of ANC services identification of women and girls at increased risk of (75.4%), waiting time (70.1%), attitude of the developing complications during labour and delivery, healthcare providers (59.9%), Schedule of ANC clinic thus ensuring referral to an appropriate level of care. (58.7%) and accessibility of ANC services (59.3%) Also, as indirect causes of maternal morbidity and were the factors influencing utilization of ANC mortality, such as HIV and malaria infections, services by the pregnant women. There was no contribute to approximately 25% of maternal deaths statistically significant association between and near-misses, ANC also provides an important respondents' level of utilization of antenatal services opportunity to prevent and manage concurrent diseases and their socio-demographic characteristics (Age: x2 = through integrated service delivery1. 10.719, P =0.153, educational qualification: x2 = Antenatal care services help pregnant women 0.735, P =0.692 and Income monthly: x2 = 5.868, P by identifying complications associated with the =0.118. The study concluded that there was high level pregnancy or diseases that might adversely affect the of utilization of ANC services among the women. pregnancy. Some researchers identified socio- Affordability and accessibility of ANC services were demographic characteristics, geographic area, attitudes the major factors influencing utilization of ANC towards pregnancy, and negative attitudes towards services among pregnant women. Therefore, the management should look into the cost of Antenatal care (ANC) is the care provided by the services rendered and make the ANC services skilled health-care professionals to pregnant women affordable and accessible.
Utilization , Antenatal care services , Influencing factors , Pregnant women , Research Subject Categories::MEDICINE
Ademuyiwa, I.Y., Faronbi, J.O., Oyediran, OO. & Erondu, CU. (2020).Antenatal Care Services Utilization and Factors Influencing it Among Pregnant Women in a Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria. The Tropical Journal of Health Sciences, 27(4):1-6.