Bioactive glass 45S5 from diatom biosilica

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Adams, L.A.
Essien, E. R.
Adesalu, A. T.
Julius, M. L.
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A major draw-back to large scale production of bioactive glasses is the high cost of the standard silica precursor, usually tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS). The current study describes a novel sol-gel preparation of 45S5 bioactive glass using diatom biosilica from cultured cells of the diatom, Aulacoseira granulata as substitute to TEOS. The glass formed was characterized using mechanical tester, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. Results showed that the glass possessed a compressive strength of 3.75±0.18 and formed carbonated hydroxyapatite (HCA) within 7 days in simulated body fluid (SBF),attributable to good surface chemistry. The performance of the glass was compared with that of those formed using TEOS. Diatom biosilica could be a potential economically friendly starting material for large scale fabrication of bioactive glasses
Diatom biosilica , Compressive strength , Apatite , Tetraethyl orthosilicate , 45S5 bioglass
Adams, L. A., Essien, E. R., Adesalu, A. T., & Julius, M. L. (2017). Bioactive glass 45S5 from diatom biosilica. Journal of Science: Advanced Materials and Devices, 2(4), 476-482.