Morphological Study of Loganiaceae Diversities in West Africa

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Oduoye, O.T.
Ogundipe, O.T.
Olowokudejo, J. D.
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International Institute for Science, Technology and Education
Loganiaceae belongs to the Order Gentianales which consists of the families Apocynaceae, Gelsemiaceae, Loganiaceae, Gentianaceae and Rubiaceae. Several Herbaria samples were studied prior to collection from Forest Reserves and National Parks in Nigeria, Republic of Benin and Ghana – with the aid of collection bags, cutlass, secateurs and ropes. Plants parts, both vegetative and reproductive were assessed with the aid of meter rule and tape rule in their natural environment and in the laboratory. Strychnos species collected were 47 individuals; 35 species were adequately identified. Anthocleista genus consists of nine species, Mostuea - three species while Nuxia, Spigelia and Usteria were monotypic genera. The leaf surfaces within the family are: hirsute, pilose, pubescent, tomentose and glabrous as found in Mostuea hirsuta, Strychnos phaeotricha, Strychnos innocua, Strychnos spinosa and members of Anthocleista species respectively. Morphological characters show 10 clusters at threshold of 47 % similarity. Clusters 1, 2 and 4 revealed how Anthocleista and Mostuea species separated out from other species of Loganiaceae. West African diversities have not been fully explored, there are yet novel plant species in the wild to be conserved before they slip out of our hand and sight.
Morphology , West Africa , Loganiaceae, , cluster Analysis , dendrogram
Oduoye, O. T., Ogundipe, O. T. and Olowokudejo, J. D. (2013). Morphological Study of Loganiaceae Diversities in West Africa. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare 3(10): 1- 15