Nutritional Properties and Potential Values of Cordia sebestena seed and seed oil

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Agunbiade, F.O.
Adeosun, C.B.
Daramola, G.G.
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GIDA/The Journal of Food
The impetus for development of underutilized, lesser known seed and seed oils for domestic and industrial applications is derived from the overdependence on the well known ones and the resultant high cost of such. This study was therefore conducted to evaluate the nutritional properties of Cordia sebestena seed and seed oil for their potential applications. Proximate analysis, mineral components and anti-nutritional factors were investigated in the seed while the seed oil was characterized and investigated for its fatty acid profile using various methods reported in literatures. The results show that the seed could be a good source of oil (40.3 ±0.8%) and protein (11.5 ± 0.6%). It could also supply some macronutrients like Mg, Ca and Na along with Zn which is an essential micronutrient. The anti-nutrient contents, phytate, tannins and oxalate were high and can be drawbacks to the applications of the seed in food. These may be removed by domestic processing. The properties of the seed oil show that it may be useful in alkyd resin synthesis, biodiesel and soap production. The fatty acid profile shows that the seed oil has predominantly oleic acid (C18:1) being 71.1% of the total fatty acid in the oil which is good for human consumption. Cordia sebestena seed and seed oil demonstrate potentially valuable applications, there is however need to further study the amino acid profile of the seed and the effects of domestic processing on the anti-nutrient components.
Cordia sebestena , proximate analysis , anti-nutrient , mineral components , fatty acids
Agunbiade, F. O., Adeosun, C. B., & Daramola, G. G. (2013). Nutritional properties and potential values of Cordia sebestena seed and seed oil. GIDA, 38(3), 127-133.