Mapping Environmental Problems In Nigeria
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Department of Geography, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, NIGERIA.
Net degradation of the environment occurs whenever the degradation process significantly exceeds nature’s restorative capacity. Continuous and sustained land transformation which aid ecological degradation is influenced by a host of proximate and underlying factors. To address these challenges requires an understanding of a full range of causes contributing to a given problem or effect through interdisciplinary research. This paper reviewed the contexts of environmental degradation and the importance of the geographer as an integrator of space and his ability to handle multiple drivers contributing to a given process which has been made realistic by the modern tools of GIS, remote sensing and spatial statistics. This paper posits that studies and mapping of environmental and ecological degradation conducted in Nigeria have not harnessed these tools to the fullest. Most of the studies conducted in Nigeria have been aimed at investigating ecological degradation over time and space with little attention on the proximate and underlying drivers of the process and the possible future dimensions of the problems. The paper highlights the importance of the use of spatially explicit spatial-statistical models with the view to generating the extent to which causal factors drive the process. This is the current trend in environmental degradation mapping which enables complete diagnostics and recommendation of appropriate and place specific measures to tackle the problem.
Mayowa Fasona, Olatunde Ogunkunle, Vide Adedayo and Ajibade Ariori (2017): Mapping Environmental Problems In Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Tropical Geography. 8(1), 2017. Pp1361-1375, Department of Geography, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, NIGERIA.