Assessment of energy consumption and carbon footprint from the hotel sector within Lagos, Nigeria

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Oluseyi, Peter Olabisi
Babatunde, O. Moses
Babatunde, Oluwabori A.
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Elsevier/Science Direct
Nigeria has one of the lowest electricity consumption per capita in Africa and this is because the power grid capacity has not been able to meet the ever increasing demand for electricity. To remain in business, several business enterprises rely on captive generation of electricity; thus, the hospitality industry is not left out of this experience. Primarily, this study evaluates the energy consumption trend in the Nigerian hotel industry. The energy utilization is modeled in order to appraise its influence on the emission level of the diesel generators, which is the major source of electricity supply in Nigeria. The linear regression method is employed for the characterization of the energy utilization index. Also, correlation analysis is employed to investigate the interdependence of carbon footprint and normalized energy consumption. Results show a significant correlation between energy consumption per unit guest room and the carbon dioxide emission level. This work develops a carbon footprint protocol for the hotel industry in Nigeria by recommending that the annual energy consumption per unit guestroom should be kept at a value not more than 40.278 MWh/guestroom while the annual energy consumption per unit equivalent guest room should be less than 62.861 MWh/equivalent guestroom.
hotel industry, carbon footprint, energy use index, energy consumption, correlation analysis