Composition and Antioxidant Activities of Leaf and Root Volatile Oils of Morinda lucida

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Okoh, S.O.
Asekun, O.T.
Familoni, O.B.
Afolayan, A.J.
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Morinda lucida (L.) Benth. (Rubiacae) is used in traditional medicine in many West African countries for the treatment of various human diseases. The leaves and roots of this plant were subjected to hydrodistillation to obtain volatile oils which were analyzed by high resolution GC/MS. Fifty compounds were identified in the leaf volatile oil and the major compounds were α-terpinene (17.8%) and β–bisabolene (16.3%). In the root oil, 18 compounds were identified, the major constituents being 3-fluoro-p-anidine (51.8%) and hexadecanoic acid (12.0%). Antioxidant activities of the oils were examined using the DPPH, ABTS, reducing power and lipid peroxidation assays. All assays were concentration dependent with varying antioxidant potentials. The antioxidant activity of the root volatile oil of M. lucida was similar to that of the standard drugs used.
Research Subject Categories::NATURAL SCIENCES::Chemistry::Organic chemistry , Antioxidant , β–bisabolene , 3-fluoro-p-anidine , α–terpinene
Okoh, S. O., Asekun, O. T., Familoni, O. B., & Afolayan, A. J. (2011). Composition and antioxidant activities of leaf and root volatile oils of Morinda lucida. Natural product communications, 6(10), 1934578X1100601032.