Does Access to Finance Enhance SME Innovation and Productivity in Nigeria? Evidence from the World Bank Enterprise Survey
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African Development Review
The primary link between ﬁnancial institutions and economic performance is the provision of resources by these institutions to businesses in order to drive enterprise development. In this study, the role of access to ﬁnance in enhancing innovation and productivity among Nigerian small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) is investigated using the World Bank Enterprise Survey (ES) dataset. Access to ﬁnance is categorized as external and internal to the ﬁrm. Using the logit estimation technique, the study ﬁnds that ease of accessing bank credit is the strongest positive force in driving all types of innovation among SMEs in Nigeria. In the same vein, the source of investment ﬁnancing matters in terms of how it affects innovation: both internal and external sources improve investment in product, process, and organizational innovation, but only external ﬁnancing has a signiﬁcant effect on R&D spending and use of foreign licensed technology. Overall spending on R&D is only driven by access to external ﬁnance by the SMEs. The study also shows that increased access to ﬁnance may actually lead to productivity decline among SMEs in Nigeria.
Access to finance , Financing investment , Innovation , Productivity , SME , Research Subject Categories::SOCIAL SCIENCES
Adegboye, A.C. and Iweriebor, S. (2018). Does access to finance drive innovation and productivity of small scale businesses in Nigeria? Evidence from the World Bank Enterprise Survey, African Development Review, 30(4), 449-461.