Browsing Theses and Dissertations by Author "Adebayo, A. A"
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- ItemOpen AccessThe Effects of the Three Techniques on Instruction on the Motor Skill Acquisition of Junior Secondary School Boys.(University of Lagos, 1987-03) Adebayo, A. AThe effects of the practice, inclusion and reciprocal techniques of instruction were determined on the acquisition and retention of dribbling and shooting skills in hockey. Three groups with 30 boys in each were randomly selected from Form I of a Boy's Secondary School in the Somolu Local Government Area of Lagos State and randomly assigned to the treatment groups. Each treatment group received two 40 minutes instruction and trained per week for four weeks. Using a hockey dribbling skill test developed by the investigator, data were collected from the boys prior to the training, immediately after four weeks of training and after four weeks of no practice. The boys then received instruction and training on hockey shooting under the same treatment conditions for two 40-min. per week and for four weeks. The boys were measured prior to the training, immediately after the training and after four weeks of no practice with a hockey shooting test developed by the investigator. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used to determined whether there was any significant difference among the groups prior to, immediately after the training and after four weeks of no practice. Analysis of convariance (ANCOVA) was also used to determine whether the three techniques differ in effect on the post-test and final test scores. The t-test was employed to determine whether there was any significant improvement in each group after treatment and if there was any significant difference between the post-test and final test scores. The result of the study seemed to show that (a) the three techniques of instruction were equally appropriate for learning, dribbling and shooting in hockey, (b) the practice technique was superior to the reciprocal technique in the acquisition of shooting skill, but there was no significant difference between the reciprocal and the inclusion techniques, (c) the three techniques of instruction had no significant effect on the retention of dribbling skill in hockey, and (d) after a retention interval of four weeks, boys taught shooting with the reciprocal and inclusion techniques suffered loss of proficiency but those taught with the practice technique maintained the learned skill.The study concluded that the three techniques of instruction were effective in facilitating learning of dribbling and shooting in hockey and that retention interval negatively affected motor skill acquisition.