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- ItemOpen AccessAssessment and Management of Social Anxiety Among Adolescents in Lagos Metropolis.(2012) Ayeni, E.AThe main objective of this study was to develop, standardize and validate an instrument that is both global and specific in assessing Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) among adolescents and to investigate the prevalence of these disorders. The study also aimed at establishing the effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy (CBT) using Social Skill Training techniques in the treatment of social anxiety in adolescents. To realize these objectives, the scores of the participants in the newly developed Social Anxiety Scale (SAS) was computed using Statistical Parkage for Social Scientists (SPSS) to establish its Cronbach Alpha Internal Consistency and Odd-even and Split-half reliability while its concurrent and construct validity was established by correlating SAS with Fear of Negative Evaluation (FNE). The following hypotheses were also formulated and tested: (1) Female participants will have significantly higher scores in measures of SAS than male participants. (2) There will be significant trend in the progression of social anxiety from the younger adolescents to the older age categories. (3) Participants with low educational attainment will report significantly higher levels of social anxiety than those with high educational attainment. (4) Participants who are managed with Social Skills Training will manifest less social anxiety than those who are not managed (control group). The study was carried out in three phases: Phase I focussed on the development, standardization and validation of Social Anxiety Scale (SAS), using 464 participants from three high schools and 100 level university students. Fear of Negative Evaluation (FNE) was used to validate SAS. The second Phase was devoted to the assessment of social anxiety among 364 adolescent participants. Participants were drawn from three high schools and 100 level university students. The newly developed Social Anxiety Scale with its seven components was used to collect data. Phase three was solely concerned with the management of social anxiety using Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy and specifically Social Skills Training. Thirty four (34) participants with high social anxiety were used (17 for experimental and 17 for control groups). Six major findings resulted from the study. First, is the emergence of 35-items Social Anxiety Scale with seven components and good reliability and validity coefficients. Second, a prevalence of 27.47% social anxiety was found among the adolescent participants. Third, female participants significantly exhibited higher levels of social anxiety than male participants. Fourth, there was a decrease in social anxiety level as age increased from 12 to 17 years with an upward surge from age 17-21 revealing a curve-linear trend. The study also showed that low educational status does not necessarily predict high level of social anxiety. Sixth, Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy specifically Social Skills Training techniques was found to be effective in reducing or/and eliminating social anxiety among the adolescent participants. This study confirmed the conceptual hypothetical model developed by the researcher. It also established the existence of social anxiety among Nigerian adolescents. Recommendations based on these findings were made to government, educators, parents and future researchers. Some of these recommendations include: a longitudinal research that will elucidate the etiological findings of social anxiety; formulating a policy for preventive and intervention strategies for early diagnosis and treatment of social anxiety; educating teachers about social anxiety and further studies with particular attentions on those aged 16 and 17 and female adolescents.
- ItemOpen AccessAsset Securitization in Nigeria: Legal challenges and Prospects(2015-11) Basiru, S.AAsset securitization is one of the new methods of financing beyond the horizon of the traditional equity and debt financing and it is still untested waters in Nigeria. This study is set against the background of possible utility of asset securitization in Nigeria and adequacy or otherwise of the existing law in structuring asset securitization given the peculiarities of the transaction. It adopted the analytical research approach involving analysis of case law and statutory provisions as well as secondary sources of law and scholarly writings by application of the power of reasoning. The study discussed and identified the areas of utility of asset securitization in Nigeria. For instance, providing access to banks funds to match their regulatory capital requirements and their financial obligations; possibility of investment in asset securitization under the National Pension Commission by its Regulation on Investment of Pension Fund Assets; the possibility of asset securitization helping in addressing the challenges in the housing sector; and possible utilization of asset securitization in facilitating access to immediate funding from the capital market to address the infrastructural problem. The study established a link between asset securitization and security interests and therefore discussed the challenges of priority and enforcement of security interests. The study found the asymmetric relationship between perfection and priority of security interests as unsatisfactory. It found that the existing rules of priority is complex, cumbersome and is not conducive to emergence of asset securitization. The study also discussed enforcement of mortgages and charges, the security interests found by the study to be relevant to asset securitization. The various challenges of enforcement of security interests like abuse of interlocutory injunctions and preliminary objections, recourse to court even in self-help remedies, undue delay and cost of enforcement, complex and cumbersome procedure for foreclosure and issue of agency of receiver/managers were highlighted and discussed. The relevant provisions of the Lagos State Mortgage and Property Law were also considered and while the study was critical of some of its provisions, it recommended some of it for adoption by other states. The legal frameworks for structuring asset securitization under the existing law were discussed as well as the challenges and risks attendant to asset securitization such as transfer of asset risk; re-characterization risk; insolvency/claw back risk; and risk of the underlying security. The possible legal and contractual means of mitigating the legal risks were discussed but were found unsatisfactory. The study therefore advocated the need for specific legal and regulatory frameworks on asset securitization as well as reform of the law on priority and enforcement of security interests. In addition, having found that enacting a law on asset securitization had to contend with the federal nature of the Nigerian Constitution given that different aspects of law applicable to asset securitization straddle legislative competence of both the federal and state legislature, the study advocated that asset securitization be made a distinct legislative item within the competence of the federal legislature.
- ItemOpen AccessCapital Punishment in Nigeria a Critical Appraisal.(2012) AKINGBEHIN, E.OCapital punishment is the killing of a person by the state in accordance with its laws for an offence for which it is prescribed by law and for which the person is found guilty. Academic writers, jurists, philosophers and the public have expressed diverse views and opinions on the practice of capital punishment over the years. The protagonists of capital punishment justify their views on the penological objectives of deterrence, retribution and elimination inter alia. However, there is no doubt that the practice of capital punishment has attracted a barrage of global recriminations. The recriminations stemmed from the fact that the practice of capital punishment has numerous flaws such as the conviction of the innocent, selective conviction of the poor and sometimes, black offenders, especially in the United States of America and the other white dominated countries. The debate on whether the practice of capital punishment by the retentionist countries, constitute violation of a condemned prisoner’s rights to life and freedom from torture, inhuman, and degrading treatment has not only been controversial but acrimonious. Judicial authorities across the jurisdictions have decided that the practice of capital punishment per se does not constitute violation of any right, but the methods of execution and death row phenomenon. Against the backdrop of the foregoing premises, this work seeks to examine and investigate the trial process of a capital offender in Nigeria with a view of determining the level of Nigeria’s compliance with the due process requirements. The work also seeks to examine the various methods of execution of the death penalty with a view of determining whether the methods contravene the instruments on the prohibition of torture, inhuman or degrading treatment. Also, the work seeks to assess the incidence of the death row phenomenon with a view of ascertaining the average length of time that a condemned prisoner spends while waiting on the death row for execution in Nigeria. This work also highlights and examines the deterrence efficacy or otherwise of capital punishment through the analysis of the statistics obtained from the Nigeria Police Headquarters and the table used by Adeyemi in his 1989 study. In the course of this research work, the researcher found that the Nigerian Criminal Justice System as regards the legal processing of a capital offender has not been in compliance with the internationally prescribed due process requirements, and that both the pre trial and trial rights of a capital offender are flagrantly violated in Nigeria. The study also found that majority of the convicts alleged that they stayed in detention for over six months before arraignment, and were tortured by the police during interrogation. The study also revealed that trials of capital offence cases sometimes took up to 15 years to get concluded which is a violation of a right to trial within a reasonable time. This work has also revealed that none of the methods of execution is painless as there have been various instances of botched executions in lethal injection, electrocution and gas chamber, which are perceived to be the modern methods. The study also revealed that an average condemned prisoner spends up to 10 years on the death row before execution. Sequel to the foregoing, it can be safely contended that the abuse of due process rights of a capital offender abound in Nigeria. It has also been demonstrated that the death row phenomenon and the various methods of execution constitute violations of a condemned prisoner’s right to freedom from torture, inhuman or degrading treatment. The study has also shown that capital punishment, as a disposition method in Nigeria does not have any deterrent effect and that long term imprisonment will be a suitable alternative to capital punishment. Against the backdrop of the foregoing, the researcher argues strongly for the abolition of capital punishment in Nigeria, while recommending alternative punishment for capital offenders.
- ItemOpen AccessA Conceptual Framework for Effective Corporate Social Responsibility for Companies in the Nigerian Extractive Industry(2017-06) Amodu, N.ACorporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is a popular concept but disparately conceived and operationalized amongst practitioners within business communities and across different jurisdictions. While CSR in Nigeria is restrictively conceived as voluntary corporate charity or community development projects, more industrialized economies consider the subject in terms of an overarching business management philosophy. This study interrogates and clarifies the CSR concept in Nigeria and addresses regulatory and enforcement challenges towards embedding effective CSR practices in Nigeria, especially amongst companies in the extractive industry. The study analyses the theoretical underpinnings of corporate actions and CSR practices within a socio-legal context; juxtaposed against acceptable objectives of law within the society, the study queries the dominant corporate law ideology which appears to encourage corporate law isolation from other disciplines in the provision of effective remedies for human rights, economic rights and environmental abuses using the corporate form. Relevant legal and regulatory techniques (at the domestic level, in selected foreign jurisdictions and international organizations) towards embedding effective CSR are also critically examined. The study clarifies that CSR is a neutral construct to which different regulatory mechanisms (voluntary or mandatory) may be applicable. The study finds that the majority of regulatory techniques feature self-regulatory, internal and voluntary mechanisms which appear to have undermined CSR regulation and enforcement having occasioned the opportunity by many businesses to ‘greenwash’ CSR. In the end and by way of response to the inadequacies of prevalent self-regulatory CSR framework, the study synthesizes a corporate law theory called the Responsible Stakeholder Model (RSM). Based on the assumptions of the RSM, the thesis suggests an alternative meta-regulatory CSR framework in Nigeria within which much more corporate social responsible operations may be anticipated, even from the so-called ‘greenwashing’ companies.
- ItemOpen AccessA Critical Examination of Consumer Protection Law and Practice in Nigeria(1999) Nwanne, M.FFull papers attached
- ItemOpen AccessDemocratization and Sustenance of Democracy: A Study of the Nigerian Experience, 1999 – 2007.(2012) Akintola, B.OThe study offers the analysis of how genuine democratization can entrench democratic values, norms, attitudes and culture in Nigeria in a transition political economy. The study, therefore, investigated the patterns of institutional foundation laid by the military before handing over power; the extent of participation of the electorates; the attitudinal or behavioural mindsets of the political elites; the quality of governance; and how these have helped to promote democratic dividends, political stability and sustenance of democracy in Nigeria. The study adopted historical and qualitative research methods to capture events that typify the character of democratization and democratic consolidation in Nigeria between 1999 and 2007. The following findings were revealed: patrimonial legacy and militarized polity have negative implications for sustenance of democratic values in Nigeria; the electorates did not participate fully in democratic elections even though, there was successful transition from civilian to civilian administration and an increase in the number of registered voters; institutional and behavioural foundations were not laid for the sustenance of democratic values. The analysis also showed that the quality of governance was poor as the dividends of democracy were not felt by the people as mass poverty prevailed, as well as increase in the spate of electoral violence. Accordingly, the study recommended that the polity should be demilitarized; political education should be embarked upon to enlighten the political elites and the electorates on democratic values, norms, attitudes and culture; the political space should be devoid of violence to guarantee security of lives and property and improve the quality of governance for the realization of the dividends of democracy by the electorates. The study concluded that adherence to the proffered suggestions would foster democratization, democratic consolidation and engender enduring political stability that is conducive to socio-economic development.
- ItemOpen AccessDivision of Taxing Powers in Nigeria – a Paradigm Shift.(2011) Sanni, A.OThe prolonged military rule in Nigeria has bequeathed an over centralized structure under the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999 whereby the Federal Government generates about 90 percent of the country’s tax revenue. While the need for decentralization and diversification of Nigerian revenue base from oil is self evident, the critical roles of division of taxing powers in achieving these laudable objectives are yet to be articulated and mainstreamed in public discourse. This thesis examines the framework for division of taxing powers in Nigeria and the gap between theory and practice based on the country’s historical experiences and that of other federations. It is argued that the current structure of division of taxing powers is antithetical to the basic principles of federalism. The thesis recommends a concurrent use of a few broad based taxes under a cooperative federalism framework as a panacea for reform. . This thesis is divided into seven chapters. Chapter One is on general introduction and research framework while Chapter Two focuses on Literature review. The jurisprudential basis of tax and other related terms form the basis of Chapter Three. Chapter Four examines the international perspectives of division of taxing powers in some federal countries such as United States of America, Canada, Australia, India and Brazil. Chapter Five examines the evolution of division of taxing powers in Nigeria while Chapter six discusses the scheme of division of taxing powers under the 1999 Constitution and the extent to which it either converges or diverges from the principles of federalism. The work is concluded in Chapter Seven with summary, findings and recommendations.
- ItemOpen AccessDomesticating Cairo and Beijing: Prospects and Opportunities for Legal Obligations to Reproductive Rights in Nigeria(School of Postgraduate Studies, 2009-12) Aniekwu, N.IFull texts attached
- ItemOpen AccessInteraction between Islamic Law and Customary Law of Succession among the Yoruba People(University of Lagos, 1984-12) Okunola, M.A.The issue of legal pluralism has been with Nigeria since the inception of British rule in the country in the middle of the 19th century. The 1979 constitution merely affirms the existence of different systems of courts. It will appear from sections 226, 242 and 247 of the constitution that a great recognition is being given to both the sharia (i.e. Islamic law) and the customary law, but on the whole, the general law which, in the context of thesis, means the received English law and local legislature seems to enjoy a self-imposed supremacy over the two legal cultures. It will be seen that this multiplicity of legal cultures otherwise known as legal pluralism has arisen in Nigeria by a variety of factors: ethnic heterogeneity: Muslim conquest and islamisation; as well as British Colonial rule coupled with Christian evangelisation. It is therefore the first aim of work to find out how the two non-British legal cultures have been operating among the Yoruba people particularly in the sphere of succession. As will be seen later on in the work, it would appear that customary Law enjoys a sort of hegemony over the Islamic Law in the area under review. It is therefore the second major purpose of the present work to make a critical appraisal of both the Islamic and Customary Law Succession among the Yorubas with a view to highlighting the merits and demerits of each of them as well as exploring area of agreement between them and making necessary findings for closer integration and uniformity of the judicial process.
- ItemOpen AccessJob Security Law in Nigeria: Towards a Transition from Contract to Status(2017-04) Folarin, A.PUnder applicable laws, workers generally harbour a variety of expectations as regards their jobs. The most paramount of these expectations is, perhaps, the right to job security. There is, however, a struggle between employees and employers over this right. This struggle is a species of the larger struggle over property rights in a society where owners are often allowed to exercise their rights without regard to the rights of others. Hence, this research engages the friction between employer’s power to hire and fire at will and the employee’s right to job security. This research argues in support of departing from the regime of viewing job security as a contractual right to a status guaranteed right. While it may be asserted that status guaranteed right has been largely achieved in the public sector, the same cannot be said of the position in the private sector except in cases where the employee is terminated for his involvement in trade union activities outside the usual working hours. The research also analysed the provisions of the International Labour Organisation (ILO) Convention on Termination of Employment and the contribution of the National Industrial Court (NIC) to job security in Nigeria.The research carried out a comparative analysis of job security using South Africa, Kenya and Ghana. The basis for the comparative model is the fact that these countries share the same common law background with and are all emerging economies like Nigeria. The research reveals that in these developing countries, especially South Africa, the right not to be unfairly terminated is well entrenched in the Bill of Rights as contained in their respective Constitutions. On the basis of this, the research concludes that there is a need for Nigeria to embrace this model development through direct application of international best practices on job security and the enactment of unfair dismissal legislation.
- ItemOpen AccessThe Legal Regime of International Rivers in Africa(University of Lagos, 1971) Idris, Tajudeen OlawaleThe economic and political environment of international rivers.
- ItemOpen AccessPerceived Leadership-Behaviour and Personality Factors as Predictors of Job-Behaviours Among Nigerian Workers.(2012) Gabriel, A.AThe study examined perceived leadership-behaviour and personality factors as predictors of job-behaviours among Nigerian workers. Employees’ perceptions constituted the central features of a model underlying the study, as they were believed to be related to the individual level of change outcomes. A sample of 8 work group comprising 504 employees (made up of 285 males and 219 females) drawn from human service oriented private and public sectors participated in the study. Precisely, 249 and 255 of these workers were drawn from private sector and public sector organizations, respectively. Participants’ job tenures ranged from 1-18 years, with a mean tenure of 8.4 years and their age ranged between 24 to 59 years. The study was carried out in two stages, using survey design. The first phase was the development and validation of a leadership-behaviour description scale (LBD-35). The second stage involved the determination of the relationships among perceived leadership-behaviour, personality factors and job-behaviours. It was hypothesized that (i) LBD-35 will be reliable and valid. (ii) Worker’s perceptions of leadership-behaviours will significantly predict organisational commitment, organisational involvement and Oganisational Citizenship Behaviour (OCB). (iii) Personality factors of extraversion, conscientiousness and openness to experience would significantly predict organisational commitment, job involvement and OCB. The participants responded to LBD-35 (the new instrument), Supervisory Behaviour Description Questionnaire (SBDQ), Big-Five Inventory (BFI), Organisational Commitment Scale (OCS), Job Involvement Scale (JIS), Organisational Citizenship Behaviour Scale (OCBS). The data collected were analyzed using correlation analysis, multiple regression analysis and Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA). Result obtained showed that: (i) the newly developed test (LBD-35) was found to be reliable and valid by having high reliability and validity coefficients. (ii) Interpersonal relations and emancipatory leadership-behaviour had significant positive correlations with organisational commitment constructs and OCB. (iii) interpersonal relations significantly contributed 19.3% to the observed variance in organisational commitment. (iv) interpersonal relations and emancipatory leadership-behaviour contributed about 10.9 % of the observed variance in OCB. (v) extroversion and openness to experience correlated positively with OCB (r = .148). (vi) extroversion significantly contributed 22.5% to the observed variance in OCB. (vii) autocratic leadership-behaviour was found to be counter-productive to workers organisational commitment, OCB and organisational involvement, but it is capable of promoting organisational involvement among extroverted workers. (viii) interaction between interpersonal relations and extraversion, as well as interaction between emancipatory leadership-behaviour and extraversion was significant on job involvement and OCB respectively. Based on the findings recommendations were made one of which is that team building programmes should be instituted to stimulate and encourage high-quality boss-subordinate/co-workers relationships. Implications for the research and practice of human resource management and industrial-organizational performance were discussed.
- ItemOpen AccessPsychosocial Predictors of Employee-Perceived Leadership-Induced Stress.(2012) Lawal, O.AThis study was aimed at developing and validating an objective instrument for measuring leadership-induced stress; and investigating the extent to which employees’ perceptions of important leadership-relevant workplace psychosocial factors would predict their perceptions of leadership-induced stress. To achieve this, three major activities—which culminated in the testing of five major hypotheses—were carried out. First was a pilot study involving 93 participants and in which the Leadership-Induced Stress Inventory (LISI) was developed. Second, tagged phase 1, featured 155 participants and entailed the validation of the LISI. Third, tagged phase 2, involved the prediction of leadership-induced stress by the psychosocial factors in a sample of 622 junior and middle-cadre employees. Preliminary results showed that the developed LISI comprised eight components; and was reliable and valid. Another set of results, from a moderated regression analysis performed, revealed that certain psychosocial factors predicted leadership-induced stress as expected while the prediction of others was contrary to expectations. Specifically, while married employees reported less leadership-induced stress than single employees as expected, affective trust did not predict leadership-induced stress significantly, contrary to expectations. But interactional justice negatively predicted leadership-induced stress as expected. Although leader-follower relationship (which is popularly known as leader-member exchange, and thus abbreviated as LMX) and coworker support did not moderate the relationship between affective trust and leadership-induced stress, they did moderate the relationship between interactional justice and leadership-induced stress, with post hoc analyses generating important insights. First, among the eight groups of employees specified in the post hoc analysis, the employees who perceived high interactional justice, high LMX, and high coworker support reported the least leadership-induced stress while their counterparts who perceived low interactional justice, low LMX, and low coworker support reported the highest leadership-induced stress. Second, for the other groups of employees, the roles played by LMX and coworker support in enhancing or buffering the influence of high or low interactional justice, respectively, on leadership-induced stress depended on the relative levels (high or low) of LMX and coworker support. Cognitive trust emerged as the single, most important predictor of leadership-induced stress in the study. Other results from a two-way ANOVA revealed that sex and job cadre of employees did not significantly interact to influence leadership-induced stress, but that they independently influenced leadership-induced stress such that female employees reported less leadership-induced stress than their male counterparts, while middle-cadre employees reported less leadership-induced stress than their junior counterparts. The results were discussed in the light of the reviewed theoretical and empirical literatures, with conclusion focusing on the obvious existence and prediction of leadership-induced stress with leadership and organization-relevant psychosocial factors among Nigerian employees. Recommendations emphasized a comprehensive assessment of leadership-induced stress in Nigerian employees using the newly developed LISI; and revision of existing leadership training programmes as well as developing new ones from the standpoints of the findings of this study.
- ItemOpen AccessRethinking the Legal Paradigm of Energy Resource Management in Oil-Based Economies: Nigeria as a Case Study.(2012) John, A.AThe most crucial challenge of nationhood which confronts Nigeria is how to transit from the state of mere ground rent collector from transnational oil companies who dominate the nation’s extractive industry, to a modern State economy in which there is a reciprocal linkage between the extractive industry and the non-extractive sectors of the economy, such as manufacturing and agriculture. Oil remains the linchpin of the Nigerian economy and since its ascendancy in the 70s as the major foreign exchange earner, (it contributes about 95 per cent of federally generated revenue), and there has been no significant transformation in the living standards of Nigerians. There is pervasive mass impoverishment and a total disconnect between Nigeria’s stupendous petroleum and gas resources and mass impoverishment. Nigeria’s chequered post-colonial history is a classical case of the paradox of abundance and want, its stupendous oil resources seems to be a curse rather than a blessing. The study establishes a causal link between the collapse of the parliamentary system in Nigeria in 1966 through degeneration and revolutionary ouster; resultant normlessness; statelessness which has since then characterized its bodypolitik and abysmal State failure. The unconscionable state of the rule of law, arbitrariness and very wide latitude for discretion characterizing the Nigerian State results in pervasive corruption pandemic as competing rent-seeking elites are content to control resources rather than innovate for diversification. The study implicates the lack of centrality of law and the rentier structure of the Nigerian petro-State in the colossal market (economic) and State failures characterizing the Nigerian bodypolitik. The convoluted evolution of the Nigerian legal order disparages the creation of an environment of formal rational law which would have diffused and induced a highly predictable and calculable economic environment in which expectations of all economic actors are not wilfully disparaged by arbitrary rule. The macro economic model which derives from the study’s multi-dimensional analysis is subsequently invoked in the legal prototype which will drive and catalyse the far reaching changes which are necessary to diversify the Nigerian economy away from the dominance of the extractive sector to the non-extractive tradeable real sector. The legal paradigm constitutes a charter for the efficient husbandry of Nigeria’s petroleum resources such that at full depletion, Nigeria would have accumulated sufficient stock of non-oil capital and assets in the post-oil epoch from which it will earn continuous stream of external receipt from strategic perspective investment of oil revenue, complemented by a carefully calibrated development of infrastructure.
- ItemOpen AccessThe Right to Fair Hearing and the Criminal Process in Nigeria: A Study of the Lagos Metropolis(School of Postgraduate Studies, 2009-12) Ani, C.CFull texts attached
- ItemOpen AccessUnjust Enrichment and Restitution: Challenges and Prospects for the Nigerian Legal System(2010-10) Oni, B.AIn recent years unjustified enrichment and restitution has been one of the most intellectually vital areas of private law all over the World except in Nigeria. The thesis examines this principle which has been recognised in other jurisdictions as an independent body of law, either as law of restitution or law of unjustified enrichment different from any other legal obligations or subjects such as contract, tort and property law and which is very effective, more encompassing and better than the available legal mechanisms for cases of reversing unjust enrichment in Nigeria. The thesis further examines the challenges and prospects of its application for the Nigerian legal system. To achieve the above aim, the thesis employs the methods of critical analysis to discuss the evolution and theories of the process in the light of the information derived from primary and secondary sources. Consequently, the thesis has been conveniently divided into eight chapters, the first two chapters provides the background for the study and literature reviewed, the aim of the thesis, statement of the problem and discussion of the reviewed literature. In chapter three, an overview of the principles of unjust enrichment and restitution such as the meaning, nature, application, historical evolution and restitution for wrongs were considered. Chapter four examines unjust enrichment and restitution across jurisdictions; the position in the common law, civil and mixed jurisdictions were considered. Chapter five also examines unjust enrichment and restitution in three party situations in a comparative analysis. Chapter six appraised the existing legal and institutional framework for reversing cases of unjust enrichment and other restitutionary remedies such as tracing, constructive trust, money had and received, propiertary rights and quantum meruit, the chapter further discussed the scope and limitations of the aforementioned framework for the cases of reversing unjust enrichment, to the extent that they are useful for specific purposes and of no general application. Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) Act, 2004, Corrupt Practices and other related Offences Commission (ICPC) Act, 2004 Money Laundering(prohibition) Act 2004, some selected provisions of the criminal code that deal with cases of unjust enrichment were also considered. The thesis examines the scope of these statutory provisions and finds that they addressed an aspect of unjust enrichment which is unjust enrichment for wrongs. Chapter seven discussed the challenges and prospects of unjust enrichment and restitution for the Nigeria legal system. While chapter eight is made up of conclusions, findings, contributions to knowledge and recommendations.