Fuzzy comprehensive assessment of metal contamination of water and sediments in Ondo Estuary, Nigeria
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Taylor and Francis
A more reliable methodology for evaluating metal contamination of coastal water and sediments using fuzzy comprehensive assessment (FCA) is presented by this study. Ten metals (As, Cd, Cu, Cr, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, V and Zn) were investigated in water and sediments from ten sampling sites and formulated into fuzzy matrix based on three contamination classifications of pristine, moderately enriched and extremely impacted categories using regulatory limits as criteria. The products of the matrices from membership function of the observed data and the weight matrices generate indices that classify the degree of metal impact on the sites. The results of the FCA show that the estuary is negatively impacted by metals in a range of 45.5–75.1% membership in the extremely impacted category with potential adverse effects on the ecosystem of the neighbouring Atlantic Ocean. The crude oil exploration activity at site 1 is the major source input of the metals beside Fe and Mn which are natural to the geological structure of the area while domestic waste discharges contribute notably to metal contamination in some sites.
fuzzy comprehensive assessment , metals , Ondo estuary , sediments , crude oil exploration , Research Subject Categories::NATURAL SCIENCES::Chemistry
Adebowale, K. O., Agunbiade, F. O., & Olu-Owolabi, B. I. (2008). Fuzzy comprehensive assessment of metal contamination of water and sediments in Ondo Estuary, Nigeria. Chemistry and Ecology, 24(4), 269-283.