Land Use Change Analyses in Lagos State From 1984 to 2005
The physical development in an urban community and the need to control such development for economic, socio-political and environmental reasons have necessitated the requirement for geographical and statistical information relating to the amount of land that has been used and that which is remaining. Growth and physical expansion of urban settlements has occurred significantly all over the world. This growth in recent time has taken on more dramatic momentum in those areas that have come to be regarded as the “third world”. The most notorious example of urban growth in Nigeria has undoubtedly been Lagos. Lagos has become legendary for its congestion and other urban problems. Determination of this growth and knowledge of the rate of growth is essential for adequate future planning. In this work, we used ETM LandSat imagery (1984, 2001, and 2005), Lagos State administrative map, and Lagos State land use map (2007) to determine different land use uses in Lagos at different times. From this we obtain adequate information for the analysis of the changes in these areas over the years by overlapping series of classified satellite imageries. The changes observed for each year were analysed in a GIS environment. The result shows a change of other land use types to developed (built) land between 1984 and 2001. This pattern of change continued between 2001 and 2005. The result was discussed and recommendations were made on the impact of these observed changes in the local and global environment.