FACTORS AFFECTING MAINTENANCE COST OF INSTITUTIONAL BUILDINGS
Building maintenance management in institutions and organisations with sizeable building assets is a complex and multi-faceted process that involves planning, directing, controlling and organizing resources for the sustenance of the building’s physical, functional and operational performance. The purpose of this research work is to propose ways of optimizing maintenance expenditure of institutional buildings in Nigeria. Based on review of literatures, factors impacting maintenance costs were categorized into four categories comprising of; building characteristics, political factors, technical and administrative factors respectively. A questionnaire survey of maintenance departments’ staff of tertiary institutions in Lagos State was conducted and the data were analyzed using the statistical packages for social science (SPSS). The study reveals the predominant factors affecting maintenance costs of institution buildings to include; age, floor area and vertical spread of buildings, poor building designs, improper coordination of incorporated building services and deferred maintenance. The study recommends a review of maintenance policies for institutional buildings with a view to equipping the maintenance organisations with competent hands and skilled personnel to handle maintenance activities of critical systems and services in institution buildings.