Assessment of the Correlation between the Quality of Building Materials and Strength of Concrete Members in the Building

Ogunde, Ayodeji, O. ; Egbanubi, kehinde, C. ; Ameh, John , O. ; OPeyemi, Joshua (2018-03)


The constituents of concrete have a significant amount of influence on the strength of concrete. Consequently, this research work addressed the use of compressive strength test to determine concrete strength. To achieve the aim, experiments were carried out on three different aggregate sizes-19mm, 16mm, and 13.2mm. The results showed the silt percent contained in each tested aggregate, 3% for fine aggregate, 1% for 13.2mm aggregate, and 0.05% for both 16mm and 19mm aggregate size. It also showed the moisture percent contained in the fine aggregate sample was 2.56%, the workability of the tested concrete of mix ratio1: 1 1 2 2 was 0.95, the Impact Value (toughness) of the aggregates; 9.01% for the 13.2mm size, 7.13% for the 16mm, and 7.95% for the 19mm size of aggregate. The compressive strength test showed that the 19mm size aggregate had the highest strength after each seven days. For the test on concrete members (column), Schmidt hammer test was carried out to determine the strength and variation in the workmanship of each tested column. The result of this research work showed that the 19mm aggregate had the most strength; and that the aggregate sizes influence the strength of the concrete. The research also showed that for each concrete member there is high variation in strength due to variation in workmanship. It is recommended that columns should be tested periodically for variation in strength to avoid building collapse.