COrrelates of Public Transport Demand in Lagos Metropolis
Studies have shown that the public transport demand in urban areas are mainly determined by interrelated trends, significant among which are the population characteristics such as car ownership, household size, income and occupation, as well as travel purpose, distance, frequency, speed, cost, comfort and traffic volume. Given the fact that there exist dominant focus and differences in public transport supply in terms of technical efficiency and production cost of facilities between the case studies, the study therefore examined the relative importance of the population characteristics in the determination of public transport demand in Lagos metropolis. A total of 1,351 households were selected and structured questionnaire administered on heads of the households using multi stage sampling technique. Data analysis was descriptive (frequency, mean) and inferential using stepwise and non-stepwise regression analyses. The findings revealed that the most important determinants of public transport demand were travel cost (R2 = 0.433, p < 0.05), household income (R2 = 0.206, p < 0.05) and car ownership (R2 = 0.010). The transport cost and household characteristics including income per month and car ownership significantly determine variations in public transport demand of various population density zones in Lagos metropolis. Therefore, it is recommended that level of transport cost charge by the operators and improvement in income of users should be considered in any policy framework for public transport services in urban areas, especially in Lagos metropolis.