Numerical investigation into two-layered microchannel with varying axial length and temperature-dependent fluid properties
This study numerically investigates the thermal performance of a two-layered microchannel heat sink with varying axial length, varying solid substrate aspect ratio (ratio of height to width of the silicon solid substrate) but with a fixed total volume constraint and water as the working fluid. The optimal geometry in terms of channel hydraulic diameter, channel aspect ratio and the solid substrate aspect ratio was selected based on the minimised peak temperature on the heated base of the solid substrate with a constant heat load of 100W. The optimal aspect ratio AR of the solid substrate was discovered to be 4 for all pressure drop range considered in this study but the optimal axial length shows a dependence on pressure drop. Results of the effect of varying axial length on surface heat flux, minimised thermal resistance and temperature variation on the heated base of the solid substrate were also presented and discussed.