Palynostratigraphy, palaeoclimates and palaeodepositional environments of the Miocene aged Agbada Formation in the Niger Delta, Nigeria
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Journal of African Earth Sciences
A diverse assemblage of palynomorphs dominated by terrestrially derived pollen and spores is reported from three wells penetrating the Miocene Agbada Formation. The pteridophyte and bryophyte spores which form the background assemblages in the three wells are good indicators of humid tropical climates which might have prevailed in the Niger Delta during the Miocene. The abundance and variations of climate-sensitive taxa including mangrove affiliated pollen and spore types Acrostichumsporites, Psilatricolporites crassus, Zonocostites ramonae and Graminidites annulatus representing the savannah vegetation cover indicate a complex interplay between periods of wetter and drier climates. Marine-derived dinoflagellate cysts and foraminiferal test linings are significantly present in the three wells. Taxa indicating freshwater contributions including Botryococcus spp., Chomotriletes minor, Ovoidites parvus and Pediastrum spp. are also represented numerically across the three wells. The presence of age diagnostic palynomorphs such as Crassoretitriletes vanraadshooveni, Retibrevitricolporites obodoensis, Tuberculodinium vancampoae, Zonocostites ramonae and Tuberculodinium vancampoae recovered in the three sections studied suggest a Miocene age for the investigated Agbada Formation. The proposed age is supported by the ranges of key palynomorphs in contemporaneous basins in Africa, northern South America and other parts of the World.
Palynology , Spores , Pollen , Dinoflagellate cysts , Agbada Formation , Miocene
Bankole, S. I., Schrank, E., & Osterloff, P. L. (2014). Palynostratigraphy, palaeoclimates and palaeodepositional environments of the Miocene aged Agbada Formation in the Niger Delta, Nigeria. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 95, 41-62.