INTRODUCTION TO DISCOURSE ANALYSIS
Faculty of Languages, University of Education, Winneba, Ghana
There is often an interchange of language and discourse by learners in the linguistic and literary fields in the attempt to account for the use of language in various fields of study. In this chapter, we explicate discourse, discourse analysis, its related fields and approaches to the study in a deep introductory method to expose learners to conceptual clarifications in the field of discourse. Discourse is not restricted to the study in the Department of English and Linguistics alone; it cuts across all the fields of learning. It is language in use. As long as language is used by people in various social fields, there are various types of discourse to be investigated. Therefore, discourse analysts have a wider spectrum of areas to cover to account for how language is used through linguistic and theoretical tools.
discourse, discourse analysis, discourse formation, discourse features, approaches to discourse, discourse rank-scale