A Study of Rail Mass Transit in Lagos and its Environs.

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Okanlawon, K.R
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A virile railway system plays a significant role in the sectoral development and overall growth of any economy. However, the rail sector, despite its potential for curtailing the present chaotic transport situation in Lagos, remains inefficient and underutilized. This study sets out to examine the usage, potential ridership and challenges of rail mass transit in Lagos State. The study utilized data obtained from questionnaire, in-depth interview surveys of stakeholders in the transport sector, field study and observation guide. All these constitute the primary source of data for the study. The secondary data were obtained from relevant organizations such as the Nigerian Railway Corporation (NRC), the Lagos Metropolitan Area Transport Authority (LAMATA), the National Bureau of Statistics, the Lagos Urban Transport Project (LUTP) and the Nigerian Ports Authority (NPA). The data were analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistical methods. The descriptive statistics involve the use of simple probability, frequencies, percentages, measures of central tendencies and dispersion while the inferential statistics employed are Time-series analysis, Cross-tabulation and Binomial Test. The result of this study shows that there has been a remarkable downward trend in the volume of passenger and freight carried by NRC. This study also shows that the service of the Lagos Mass Transit Train (LMTT) is grossly underutilized, in spite of the fact that LMTT contributes enormously to NRC. In addition, this study reveals that there is a very high probability for the use of an efficient rail mass transit in Lagos. The operational constraints of the present Lagos Mass Transit trains include mechanical faults, technical problems, low speed of train, non-adherence to train schedule, insufficient locomotives and rolling stocks, damaged tracks, obstructive human activities on the rail track, lack of coordination between rail and other modes of transport in Lagos, unavailability of standard rail transport and inadequate financing of the system. Finally, the study determines the sustainable options for the development of an efficient rail mass transit in Lagos. These include commercialization and privatization of Nigerian railway, splitting of NRC into commercially viable companies, concessioning, un-bundling of Nigerian Railway Corporation into manageable, self-accounting, autonomous bodies that are both customer and profit-oriented, conversion of old model rolling stock to modern design, realignment and rehabilitation of track, adequate financing of the rail system, procurement and maintenance of locomotives and rolling stocks and conversion from the present narrow gauge to a standard gauge.
A Thesis Submitted to the School of Postgraduate Studies, University of Lagos.
Rail Mass Transit , Environs , Sectoral development , Economy , Research Subject Categories::SOCIAL SCIENCES::Social sciences
Okanlawon, K.R (2012), A Study of Rail Mass Transit in Lagos and its Environs. A Thesis Submitted to University of Lagos School of Postgraduate Studies Phd Thesis and Dissertation, 164pp.