MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF GARCINIA KOLA HACKEL (BITTER KOLA) FROM SOUTHERN NIGERIA
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Ashiru, M. A.
Sifau, M. O.
Ogunkanmi, L. A.
Adekoya, K. O.
Oboh, B. O.
Annals of West University of Timişoara, ser. Biology
Garcinia kola is an important indigenous fruit tree that has a huge medicinal and economic value in Nigeria. It is often referred to as ‘wonder plant’ because all its parts have specific medicinal properties and have been employed traditionally for the treatment of diverse ailments. This study is aimed to determine the genetic variation that exists between and within G.kola species in selected states of Southern part of Nigeria using morphological and morphometric markers. Phenotypic traits were measured on site according to descriptors of tropical fruits by Bioversity International in the course of an exploration. The geographical positioning system (GPS) data of individual trees were also documented. Measurements were taken with the aid of a meter rule and direct observations. Data obtained were subjected to one-way analysis of variance and revealed F-value of 58.49 and a corresponding p-value ˃0.000. The result of the descriptive statistics also shows that diameter at breast height (DBH), crown diameters (CD-) ranged from 2-8m, while leaf related traits revealed that leaf length (LL), leaf width, average petiole length (APTL) and index of leaf length and leaf width ranged from 2.8-1, 1.66-6.66 ,0.6-1.48, 1-7.12 respectively. Also mean and standard deviation of DBH, CD, APTL, LL, LW, LL /LW are 4.63±1.44, 1.95±0.59, 1.04±0.33, 11.51±3.39, 1.85±1.77 and 2.78±0.36 respectively. The study revealed high variability between and within the different G.kola individuals sampled from Southern Nigeria.
indigenous, morphological markers, medicinal, phenotypic, variation
Ashiru, M. A., Sifau, M. O., Ogunkanmi, L. A., Adekoya, K. O. and Oboh, B. O. (2019). MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF GARCINIA KOLA HACKEL (BITTER KOLA) FROM SOUTHERN NIGERIA. Annals of West University of Timişoara, ser. Biology.vol. 21 (2),199-206